Publication: W. S. Cleveland and R. McGill [1985]: Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for Analyzing Scientific Data doi:10.1126/science.229.4716.828
@article{Cleveland1985,
title = {Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for Analyzing Scientific Data},
author = {Cleveland, William S. and McGill, Robert},
year = {1985},
doi = {10.1126/science.229.4716.828},
journal = {Science},
number = {4716},
pages = {828833},
volume = {229}
}
Last updated 3 years, 9 months ago (Jan. 11, 2018) by
Streeb, Dirk
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Space carries meaning 
(+) Positive 
One or more sentences 
p. 828 
«When a graph is constructed, quantitative and categorical information is encoded, chiefly through position, shape, size, symbols, and color. When a person looks at a graph, the information is visually decoded by the person's visual system. A graphical method is successful only if the decoding is effective.» 
Streeb, Dirk: March 18, 2018 
Symbols carry meaning 
(+) Positive 
One or more sentences 
p. 828 
«When a graph is constructed, quantitative and categorical information is encoded, chiefly through position, shape, size, symbols, and color. When a person looks at a graph, the information is visually decoded by the person's visual system. A graphical method is successful only if the decoding is effective.» 
Streeb, Dirk: March 18, 2018 
Visualizations are precise (i.e., verbose) 
(+) Positive 
One or more sentences 
p. 832 
«For example, using just the mean and standard deviation does not reveal outliers. Box plots give us more information about data distributions and allow us to appreciate the behavior of outliers.» 
Streeb, Dirk: March 18, 2018 
Visualizations make data errors obvious 
(+) Positive 
One or more sentences 
p. 832 
«For example, using just the mean and standard deviation does not reveal outliers. Box plots give us more information about data distributions and allow us to appreciate the behavior of outliers.» 
Streeb, Dirk: March 18, 2018 
Visualizations show visual patterns 
(+) Positive 
One or more sentences 
p. 828 
«…much of the power of graphs—and what distinguishes them from tables—comes from the ability of our preattentive visual system to detect geometric patterns and assess magnitudes.» 
Streeb, Dirk: March 18, 2018 
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Streeb, Dirk

March 18, 2018 
June 6, 2018 
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