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outline the scial model of dementia
From the perspective of the social model, people with dementia may have an impairment (perhaps of cognitive function) but their disability results from the way they are treated by, or excluded from, society. [ For people with dementia, this model carries important implications, for example: ? the condition is not the ‘fault’ of the individual ? the focus is on the skills and capacities the person retains rather than loses ? the individual can be fully understood (his or her history, likes/dislikes, and so on) ? the influence is recognised of an enabling or supportive environment ? the key
value is endorsed of appropriate communication ? opportunities should be taken for rehabilitation or re-enablement ? the responsibility to reach out to people with dementia lies with people who do The social model of care seeks to understand the emotions and behaviours of the person with dementia by placing him or her within the context of his or her social circumstances and biography. By learning about each person with dementia as an individual, with his or her own history and background, care and support can be designed to be more appropriate to individual needs. If, for example, it is known that a man with dementia was once a prisoner of war, it can be understood why he becomes very distressed when admitted to a locked ward. If care providers have learned that a person with dementia has a strong dislike for a certain food, it can be understood why the person might spit it out. Without this background knowledge and understanding, the man who rattles the door may be labelled a ‘wanderer’ because he tries to escape and cowers when approached, or the person who spits out food is labelled as ‘antisocial’. Moreover, a variety of aspects of care may affect a person as the dementia progresses. Some extrinsic factors in the care environment can be modified, for instance noise levels can be highly irritating but are controllable. Other intrinsic factors, such as the cultural or ethnic identity of the person with dementia, may also have a bearing on how needs are assessed and care is delivered. Some aspects will be more important or relevant to one person than to another. ]
Expert answered|jher000|Points 7101|
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Asked 4/16/2012 12:19:34 PM
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Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability
Weegy: People who have dementia are not aware of requirements for living. They can forget to do the essential things that are vital. Taking medicines, hygiene and even eating are often forgotten. [ They can get lost or hurt and not understand what is necessary to correct a situation. Turning on the stove or water and forgeting to turn it off, locking doors, crossing streets etc. can be dangerous even deadly. In the same way you would not think as an infant incapable of self care a person with dementia can not be either. Consdering the facts that they cannot act in the manner of a responsible adult makes them disabled. There is a benchmark for 'normal functionality' which is self-evident. Anyone not able to perform according to that benchmark lives with a disability and requires help to function. Dementia covers a multitude of behaviour patterns, such as not remembering to dress or eat, remember where you live, who you are, what is your identity and so forth. All these things are definitely a disability. Sufferers from dementia who wander away from their safe family or home environment quickly fall foul of the uncaring outsiders who do not treat them well at all. People with dementia have to be protected, so this is definitely a disability. They cannot be independent. ] (More)
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