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what legal and ethical issues can organisation consider to the gathering of information on the internet
There is little research that is not impacted in some way on or through the Internet. The Internet, as a field, a tool, and a venue, has specific and far reaching ethical issues. [ Internet research ethics is a subdiscipline that fits across many disciplines, ranging from social sciences, arts and humanities, medical/biomedical, and hard sciences. Extant ethical frameworks, including consequentialism, utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, and feminist ethics have contributed to the ways in which ethical issues in Internet research are considered and evaluated. Conceptually and
historically, Internet research ethics is related to computer and information ethics and includes such ethical issues as data privacy and confidentiality, integrity of data, intellectual property issues, and professional standards. Throughout the Internet's evolution, there has been debate whether there are new ethical dilemmas emerging, or if the existing dilemmas are consistent across research or despite technological influence (Elgesem 2002; Walther 2002; Ess & AoIR 2002). These debates are similar to philosophical debates in computer and information ethics. For example, many years ago, Moor asked “what is special about computers” in order to understand what is ethically unique and the same question applies to Internet research (Moor 1985; Ess & AoIR 2002; King 1996). Yet, as the Internet has evolved into a more social and communicative tool and venue, the ethical issues have shifted from purely data driven to more human-centered. “On-ground” or face-to face analogies may not be applicable to online research. For example, the concept of the public park has been used as a site where researchers can observe others, but online, the concepts of public and private are much more complex. Thus, some scholars suggest that the specificity of Internet research ethics calls for new regulatory and/or professional and disciplinary guidance. ]
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Expert answered|selymi|Points 8872|
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Asked 9/19/2012 8:33:24 AM
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