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•Articulate what you believe is driving the growth of the Internet and World Wide Web.
The recent growth of the Internet and the World Wide Web makes it appear that the world is witnessing the arrival of a completely new technology. [ In fact, the Web—now considered to be a major driver of the way society accesses and views information—is the result of numerous projects in computer networking, mostly funded by the federal government, carried out over the last 40 years. The projects produced communications protocols that define the format of network messages, prototype networks, and application programs such as browsers. This research capitalized on the ubiquity of the nation's
telephone network, which provided the underlying physical infrastructure upon which the Internet was built. This chapter traces the development of the Internet,1 one aspect of the broader field of data networking. The chapter is not intended to be comprehensive; rather, it focuses on the federal role in both funding research and supporting the deployment of networking infrastructure. This history is divided into four distinct periods. Before 1970, individual researchers developed the underlying technologies, including queuing theory, packet switching, and routing. During the 1970s, experimental networks, notably the ARPANET, were constructed. These networks were primarily research tools, not service providers. Most were federally funded, because, with a few exceptions, industry had not yet realized the potential of the technology. During the 1980s, networks were widely deployed, initially to support scientific research. ]
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Expert answered|selymi|Points 9022|
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Asked 10/15/2012 10:35:59 AM
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