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The Tanzimat proclamations
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Asked 2/19/2012 9:48:03 AM
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User: The Tanzimat proclamations





Weegy: In this very important document, the Sultan stated that he wished "to bring the benefits of a good administration to the provinces of the Ottoman Empire through new institutions", [ and that these institutions would principally refer to: -guarantees to ensure the Ottoman subjects perfect security for their lives, honour, and property; -the introduction of the first Ottoman paper banknotes (1840); -the opening of the first post offices of the empire (1840); -the reorganization of the finance system according to the French model (1840); -the reorganization of the Civil and Criminal Code according to the French model (1840); -the establishment of the Meclis-i Maarif-i Umumiye (1841) which was the prototype of the First Ottoman Parliament (1876); -the reorganization of the army and a regular method of recruiting, levying the army, and fixing the duration of military service (1843–44); -the adoption of an Ottoman national anthem and Ottoman national flag (1844); -the first nationwide Ottoman census in 1844 (only male citizens were counted); -the first national identity cards (officially named the Mecidiye identity papers, or informally kafa kagidi (head paper) documents, 1844); -the institution of a Council of Public Instruction (1845) and the Ministry of Education (Mekatib-i Umumiye Nezareti, 1847, which later became the Maarif Nezareti, 1857); -the abolition of slavery and slave trade (1847); -the establishment of the first modern universities (darülfünun, 1848), academies (1848) and teacher schools (darülmuallimin, 1848); -the establishment of the Ministry of Healthcare (Tibbiye Nezareti, 1850); the Commerce and Trade Code (1850); -the establishment of the Academy of Sciences (Encümen-i Danis, 1851); -the establishment of the Sirket-i Hayriye which operated the first steam-powered commuter ferries (1851); -the first European style courts (Meclis-i Ahkam-i Adliye, 1853) and supreme judiciary council (Meclis-i Ali-yi Tanzimat, 1853); -the establishment of the modern Municipality of Istanbul (Sehremaneti, 1854) and the City Planning Council (Intizam-i Sehir Komisyonu, 1855); -the abolition of the capitulation (Jizya) tax on ]



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