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The Tanzimat proclamations
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Asked 2/19/2012 9:48:03 AM
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User: The Tanzimat proclamations





Weegy: In this very important document, the Sultan stated that he wished "to bring the benefits of a good administration to the provinces of the Ottoman Empire through new institutions", [ and that these institutions would principally refer to: -guarantees to ensure the Ottoman subjects perfect security for their lives, honour, and property; -the introduction of the first Ottoman paper banknotes (1840); -the opening of the first post offices of the empire (1840); -the reorganization of the finance system according to the French model (1840); -the reorganization of the Civil and Criminal Code according to the French model (1840); -the establishment of the Meclis-i Maarif-i Umumiye (1841) which was the prototype of the First Ottoman Parliament (1876); -the reorganization of the army and a regular method of recruiting, levying the army, and fixing the duration of military service (1843–44); -the adoption of an Ottoman national anthem and Ottoman national flag (1844); -the first nationwide Ottoman census in 1844 (only male citizens were counted); -the first national identity cards (officially named the Mecidiye identity papers, or informally kafa kagidi (head paper) documents, 1844); -the institution of a Council of Public Instruction (1845) and the Ministry of Education (Mekatib-i Umumiye Nezareti, 1847, which later became the Maarif Nezareti, 1857); -the abolition of slavery and slave trade (1847); -the establishment of the first modern universities (darülfünun, 1848), academies (1848) and teacher schools (darülmuallimin, 1848); -the establishment of the Ministry of Healthcare (Tibbiye Nezareti, 1850); the Commerce and Trade Code (1850); -the establishment of the Academy of Sciences (Encümen-i Danis, 1851); -the establishment of the Sirket-i Hayriye which operated the first steam-powered commuter ferries (1851); -the first European style courts (Meclis-i Ahkam-i Adliye, 1853) and supreme judiciary council (Meclis-i Ali-yi Tanzimat, 1853); -the establishment of the modern Municipality of Istanbul (Sehremaneti, 1854) and the City Planning Council (Intizam-i Sehir Komisyonu, 1855); -the abolition of the capitulation (Jizya) tax on ]



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Ironically, the British were the world's greatest slave traders and later A) became the most aggressive suppressers of the slave trade. B) reopened the slave trade with the Asante. C) interfered with the French treatment of their slaves in Saint Domingue. D) replaced factory workers with African slaves. E) conspired to operate an illegal slave-trading operation out of Barbados.
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