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hydrolysis
Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.
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Asked 5/5/2009 8:12:23 AM
Updated 7/12/2014 5:44:30 PM
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Hydrolysis usually means the cleavage of chemical bonds by the addition of water.
Added 7/12/2014 5:44:30 PM
This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful.
Confirmed by selymi [7/13/2014 12:08:38 AM]
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Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction during which one or more water molecules are split into hydrogen and hydroxide ions which may go on to participate in further reactions.[1][2] It is the type of reaction that is used to break down certain polymers, especially those made by step-growth polymerization. Such polymer degradation is usually catalysed by either acid e.g. concentrated sulphuric acid [H2SO4] or alkali e.g. sodium hydroxide [NaOH] attack, often increasing with their strength or pH.

Hydrolysis is distinct from hydration, where hydrated molecule does not "lyse" (break into two new compounds). It should not be confused with hydrogenolysis, a reaction of hydrogen.
Added 5/5/2009 9:04:35 AM
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