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4.1analizw why individuals with disabilities may be at risk of diferent forms of abuse, ezploitation and harm in diferent areas of their lives
The sexual abuse of people with developmental disabilities is unusually common because of the greater risk of victimization of such people, and often goes unreported.[1] Most of the time, [ [ the perpetrators are authority figures in the victim's life.[2] The developmentally disabled are more prone to such abuse due to reliance on a caregiver, emotional and social insecurities, and a lack of understanding surrounding the situation Studies indicate that people with developmental disabilities are four to ten times more likely to have acts of violence committed against them.[1] Dick Sobsey,
Associate Director of the JP Das Developmental Disabilities Centre and Director of the John Dossetor Health Ethics Centre, found that 80% out of 162 people with developmental and substantial disabilities who had been sexually assaulted had been sexually assaulted more than once.[3] According to research people with disabilities are at a greater risk for victimization of sexual assault or sexual abuse because of lack of understanding.[4] Sobsey estimates that between 15,000 and 19,000 individuals with developmental disabilities experience rape each year. There are several reasons why developmentally disabled individuals are especially prone to sexual abuse, the most significant of which is the ingrained reliance on the caregiver authority figure. Emotional and social insecurities, lack of knowledge and training in sex education, and powerless position in society have been noted as further causes of frequent exploitation.[3] About 20% of females and 10% of males are sexually abused in the US every year. The percentage is even higher among people with disabilities. According to research, more than 90% of people with developmental disabilities will experience some form of sexual abuse at some time in their lives. 49% will experience 10 or more abusive incidents.[5] Other studies suggest 68% of girls with developmental disabilities and 30% of boys with developmental disabilities will be sexually abused before their eighteenth birthday. ] ]
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Expert answered|selymi|Points 10586|
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Asked 5/31/2013 10:08:53 AM
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