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Highlight the features of the political organization of the sokoto caliphate?
The Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria was one of the largest empires in Africa during the 19th century. [ The empire developed as a result of the Fulani jihads (holy wars) which took place in the first decade of the 19th century across what is now Northern Nigeria. The Sokoto Caliphate was the center of politics and economics in the region until it fell to French and British colonial armies in the early 20th Century. The Sokoto Caliphate was founded in 1804 by Uthman dan Fodio who became the first Sultan of Sokoto or in the terminology of the time, the first sarkin musulmi (commander
of the faithful). Although dan Fodio refused to embrace the term Sultan, each of his successors called himself the Sultan of Sokoto. Dan Fodio, a Fulani religious leader and teacher who lived in the Hausa city state of Gobir, initiated the jihad in 1804 after he and his followers were expelled from the city. From exile he called for holy war against the leaders of Gobir and other Hausa city states. Gathering a large army of Fulani and Hausa supporters he conquered Gobir and eventually Sokoto, Kano, Katsina, and the other major city states. By 1815 when his armies ended their conquests, Uthman dan Fodio's religious empire included most of what is now northern Nigeria and northern Cameroon as well as parts of Niger. Dan Fodio’s jihad also influenced the holy wars in nearby regions and resulted in the creation of Islamic states in Senegal, Mali, and Chad. ]
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Expert answered|selymi|Points 8232|
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Asked 5/15/2012 4:41:39 AM
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