• What are the various functions of a police agency? Note:
Textbooks and scholars have identified three primary police agency functions. The following is cited from The American System of Criminal Justice, by George F. Cole and Christopher E. [ Smith, 2004, 10th edition, Wadsworth/Thomson Learning:
Order maintenance. This is the broad mandate to keep the peace or otherwise prevent behaviors which might disturb others. This can deal with things ranging from a barking dog to a fist-fight. By way of description, Cole and Smith note that police are usually called-on to "handle" these situations with discretion, rather than deal with them as strict violations of law, though of course their authority to deal with these situations are based in violations of law.
Law enforcement. Those powers are typically used only in cases where the law has been violated and a suspect must be identified and apprehended. Most obvious instances include robbery, murder, or burglary. This is the popular notion of the main police function, but the frequency of such activity is dependent on geography and season.
Service. Services may include rendering first aid, providing tourist information, guiding the disoriented, or acting as educators (on topics such as preventing drug use). Cole and Smith cited one study which showed 80% of all calls for police assistance did not involve crimes, but this may not be the case in all parts of the country. Because police agencies are traditionally available year-round, 24 hours a day, citizens call upon police departments not only in times of trouble, but also when just inconvenienced. As a result, police services may include roadside auto assistance, providing referrals to other agencies, finding lost pets or property, or checking locks on vacationers' homes.
] Auto answered|Score 1|dominichbn|Points 90|Note:
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Law enforcement agencies work at the local, state, and federal levels to keep order and protect citizens. [ Police personnel attend at accident scenes and other emergencies, conduct search and rescue operations, and educate the public about safety and other matters. The job of a police officer is one that requires a person to be physically and mentally fit, as well as of good character.
City police forces are just one example of law enforcement agencies. Officers and detectives have jurisdiction within the city limits to enforce the law and investigate local crimes. Law enforcement agencies also include state police forces. This force has jurisdiction over the entire state, and is usually responsible for law enforcement on state highways. State police departments may offer training to recruits for forces that are too small to perform this function themselves, as well as provide protection services to the state governor.
The state police may operate a water unit, known as the Marine Patrol, Harbor Patrol, or Water Police. These police officers are responsible for public safety on lakes and rivers. They provide safety information to boaters as well as investigating crimes that take place on or near the water. Search and rescue or search and recovery operations are part of the Marine Patrol's duties, and some of their officers may have dive training to perform these duties. ] Expert answered|shifa saleheen|Points 5315|Note:
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