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Q: How do crime rates relate to arrest rates and clearance rates? Is there a way to improve the correlation between crime rates, arrest rates and clearance rates in the effort to combat criminal
activity?
A: Clearance rate is calculated by dividing the number of crimes that are "cleared" (e.g. due to a charge being laid) by the total number of crimes recorded. [ These are used by various criminal justice groups as a measure of crimes solved by the police. Clearance rates can be very problematic for measuring the performance of police services and for comparing various police services. This is
because a police force may employ a very different way of measuring clearance rates. For example, each police force may have a different method of recording when a "crime" has occurred and different criteria for determining when a crime has been "cleared." One police force may appear to have a much better clearance rate simply because of its calculation methodology.[1] In System Conflict Theory, it is argued that clearance rates cause the police to focus on appearing to solve crimes (generating high clearance rate scores) rather than actually solving crimes. Further focus on clearance rates may result in effort being expended to attribute crimes (correctly or incorrectly) to a criminal, which may not result in retribution, compensation, rehabilitation or deterrence. ]
selymi|Points 4322|
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Asked 6/29/2011 8:07:36 AM
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