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drive-reduction approach
There are a number of drive theories. The Drive Reduction Theory grows out of the concept that we have certain biological drives, such as hunger. As time passes the strength of the drive increases if it is not satisfied (in this case by eating). [ Upon satisfying a drive the drive's strength is reduced. The theory is based on diverse ideas from the theories of Freud to the ideas of feedback
control systems, such as a thermostat. Drive theory has some intuitive or folk validity. For instance when preparing food, the drive model appears to be compatible with sensations of rising hunger as the food is prepared, and, after the food has been consumed, a decrease in subjective hunger. There are several problems, however, that leave the validity of drive reduction open for debate. The first problem is that it does not explain how secondary reinforcers reduce drive. For example, money satisfies no biological or psychological needs, but a pay check appears to reduce drive through second-order conditioning. Secondly, a drive, such as hunger, is viewed as having a "desire" to eat, making the drive a homuncular being—a feature criticized as simply moving the fundamental problem behind this "small man" and his desires. In addition, it is clear that drive reduction theory cannot be a complete theory of behavior, or a hungry human could not prepare a meal without eating the food before he finished cooking it. The ability of drive theory to cope with all kinds of behavior, from not satisfying a drive (by adding on other traits such as restraint), or adding additional drives for "tasty" food, which combine with drives for "food" in order to explain cooking render it hard to test. ]
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Asked 1/12/2011 1:07:53 PM
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Choose one of the approaches and explain how it affects motivation.
Weegy: The dual-structure approach was developed by Frederick Herzberg and is often referred to as the two-factor theory. [ Herzberg's studies of accountants and engineers led him to suggest that entirely different sets of factors are associated with satisfaction and with dissatisfaction. Motivation factors, relating to the job itself, result in feelings ranging from satisfaction to no satisfaction. Hygiene factors, relating to the work environment, result in feelings ranging from dissatisfaction to no dissatisfaction. You really should go here for more information. ] (More)
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Asked 1/11/2011 8:01:26 PM
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cognitive approach
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Updated 1/11/2011 10:36:50 PM
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Cognitive Approach in Psychology revolves around the notion that if we want to know what makes people tick then the way to do it is to figure out what processes are actually going on in their minds.

Added 1/11/2011 10:36:50 PM
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