What is an example of a state prison system? How might you explain the growth of state prisons? How can U.S. corrections professionals solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems?
· What are the security levels in state and federal prisons? How do these differ? How can the United States improve security at the state and federal prison level?
An example of a state prison system would be the Texas Department of Corrections located in Huntsville, Texas. This facility was established in 1849 and to this day is the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. [ Additionally, this facility became the “control model in Texas prisons” and “emphasized farm work and strict discipline within a centralized bureaucratic
environment.” The growth of state prison populations is the result of “get-tough” legislation which sends more people to prison and keeps them there for longer periods of time. (Foster, 2006).
In my opinion, United States corrections professionals could solve the problem of exponential growth in state prison systems by implementing stronger rehabilitation programs. Upon entry in the state prison facility, inmates could be given an incentive to enter and complete one or more rehabilitation program depending on the degree of severity of the crime or crimes that the inmate committed. I believe that an inmate that sees a program to completion is possibly dedicated to changing their behavior in order to avoid becoming a repeat offender.
The security levels in state and federal prisons are maximum-security, close-high-security, medium-security, minimum-security, and open-security. The differences in these levels are: (1) maximum-security prisons have more rigorous security procedures and the lowest ratio of inmates to guards; (2) close-high-security prisons are less restrictive and have a higher ratio of inmates to guards; (3) medium-security prisons are a little more restrictive than close-high-security prisons and the inmate-to-guard ratio might be “twice that of the maximum-security prison; (4) minimum-security prisons have minimal perimeter security and fewer internal controls as well as a higher inmate-to-guard. ]
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