what is the four philosophical reasons for sentencing criminals?
The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing
There are four main philosophical reasons surrounding the purpose of sentencing.
1. [ Retribution is the philosophy that a criminal's punishment shall be determined on the severity of the crime he or she has committed. Retribution has been noted that it is in-deed not the same as revenge and the overall punishment does not in-fact satisfy any of the
people or person who were the victim. The retribution philosophy also goes by the Old Testament states "an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth."
2. Deterrence philosophy has two parts to it, the general and specific deterrence.
The Deterrence philosophy basis its effectiveness that a criminal will realize the punishment outweighs the crime that he or she is going to be commit and in return prevents the criminal from going through with the act. The general deterrence basis its theory on, by punishing one person for a particular criminal offence, it will deter others from committing similar crimes.
The specific deterrence basis its theory that a criminal, once punished and released, will be less likely to commit a crime due to the fact he or she will not want to receive another punishment.
3. The Incapacitation philosophy believes by incarnating criminals, which is to place them in prison, will effectively keep the criminal from committing further crimes among society and reduce further criminal opportunity.
4. Rehabilitation is another means of trying to teach a person not to commit further criminal acts. This philosophy believes that the public is better served when a criminal is given certain resources that will help do away with any and all criminal behavior one may have. ]
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