Q: What is logrithim

A: In mathematics, the logarithm of a number to a given base is the power or exponent to which the base must be raised in order to produce the number.
For example, the logarithm of 1000 to the base 10 is 3, [ because 3 is how many 10s you must multiply to get 1000: thus 10 × 10 × 10 = 1000; the base 2 logarithm of 32 is 5 because 5 is how many 2s one must multiply to get 32: thus 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2

= 32. In the language of exponents: 103 = 1000, so log101000 = 3, and 25 = 32, so log232 = 5.
The logarithm of x to the base b is written logb(x) or, if the base is implicit, as log(x). So, for a number x, a base b and an exponent y,
An important feature of logarithms is that they reduce multiplication to addition, by the formula:
That is, the logarithm of the product of two numbers is the sum of the logarithms of those numbers. The use of logarithms to facilitate complex calculations was a significant motivation in their original development.
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