Question and answer
No single definition of psychological abnormality has been completely accepted by the psychological community. Many of the definitions include common features, known as the four Ds. What are the four
Ds? Briefly describe each one. How may culture determine what is considered abnormal? Cite specific examples.
Deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger comprise the four D’s commonly used in assessment. The first of the D’s is deviance. [ When we assess behavior to determine if the behavior is deviant in nature we essentially are examining behavior which differs from the social norm. Different cultures will have differing standards for acceptable or normal behavior. When assessing deviance we must
use caution and take care to identify any circumstances preceding the onset of the behavior. For example: In our society taking human life is undoubtedly to be viewed as deviant behavior. Should circumstances surrounding an individual who has taken another life reveal this behavior was the result of self-defense we may change our opinion of the level of deviance in regard to this behavior. In contrast the behavior of a serial killer would generally be seen as very deviant due to the fact that the serial killers’ taking of life is obviously not behavior resulting from a need to defend oneself. The second “D” is that of distress. Here behavior is examined for the level of distress caused to the individual. Determining levels of distress can be difficult as many people experience little, if any, distress with mental illness. In addition, should there be distress the individual may be unaware of his or her distress. For instance: The textbook familiarizes the reader with Brad who is experiencing obvious signs and symptoms of distress from his mental illness. Brad feels anxiety and a sense of dread as he struggles with the voices. Brad is also withdrawn and he is unable to properly tend to his physical health needs as he diets in preparation for the upcoming “invasion” he is warned of. While Brad shows obvious signs of distress another individual with similar mental illness may not feel any “distress” accompanying mental illness yet still exhibit abnormal behaviors, thoughts and ideas which would suggest mental illness and need for treatment. Dysfunction is the third “D”. ]
Expert answered|topshi|Points 1386|
Question
Asked 9/13/2011 7:34:26 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
17,186,895 questions answered
Popular Conversations
Indicate whether the statement is true or false. The reason a penny ...
Weegy: TRUE - The reason a penny thrown straight up inside an airplane will come back to your hand is that you, the air ...
8/31/2014 3:31:31 PM| 4 Answers
A line passes through the points (-10, -4) and (-1,2). What is the ...
Weegy: A line passes through the points (-10, -4) and (-1,2). The y-intercept of the line is 8/3. The equation of the ...
8/31/2014 11:50:10 AM| 3 Answers
India is a subcontinent and consists of all of the following except. ...
Weegy: Indian subcontinent has all the features , valleys in himalayan mountains , deccan plateaus , thar desert , and ...
8/31/2014 11:02:13 AM| 2 Answers
Market economy. User: Command economy.
8/31/2014 8:31:19 PM| 2 Answers
Which of the following is least likely to form ...
Weegy: Helium is least likely to form bonds. User: Which of the following is an example of plasma? the atmosphere ...
8/31/2014 12:42:25 AM| 1 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
1
L
Points 50 [Total 6583]| Ratings 0| Comments 50| Invitations 0|Online
S
R
L
1
1
P
C
1
P
1
1
L
P
C
P
C
1
P
C
L
P
C
1
P
C
P
C
Points 25 [Total 24425]| Ratings 0| Comments 25| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
C
P
C
1
L
L
Points 22 [Total 15961]| Ratings 0| Comments 22| Invitations 0|Online
S
L
P
C
P
C
1
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
P
C
P
C
Points 18 [Total 18549]| Ratings 0| Comments 18| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 13 [Total 683]| Ratings 0| Comments 13| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 3 [Total 5127]| Ratings 0| Comments 3| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
P
C
Points 2 [Total 17174]| Ratings 0| Comments 2| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
Points 1 [Total 6058]| Ratings 0| Comments 1| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 1 [Total 59]| Ratings 0| Comments 1| Invitations 0|Offline
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.