what is the difference between an inference and a prediction?Note:
Inference is the process of arriving at some conclusion that, though it is not logically derivable from the assumed premises, possesses some degree of probability relative to the premises.
Generally, [ we draw an inference when we go beyond stated information by applying our background knowledge. For example, if we learn that John ran a red light and is being treated for injuries at the local hospital, we can reasonably draw an inference that he was injured in an accident.
A prediction is the act of reasoning about the future based on past experience. For example, we can confidently predict that day will follow night.
A hypothesis is a specific kind of prediction. It is "a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts."
Hypotheses are drawn from theories, especially when we want to test one theory against another.
If one theory predicts, say, that learning to walk a balance beam will improve children's reading (hypothesis 1) and another theory predicts that it won't make any difference (hypothesis 2), we can construct an experiment to test the hypothesis. We randomly assign some children to balance beam walking and some to another activity (maybe kickball), and after the training, we measure differences in reading.
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] Auto answered|Score .8735Note:
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A prediction can be determined true or false. It can be change. While an inference is merely a well supported thought that can be more supported or less supported. Both are related, but inference is a higher level thought. [ A prediction is made based only on text evidence, nothing more. While an inference combines text evidence, clues and prior knowledge. ] Expert answered|mlhervas|Points 31|User:
what is inferringWeegy:
Inferring is to conclude from evidence or premises. To draw inferences. [www.thefreedictionary.com/inferring
]Expert answered|mlhervas|Points 31|User:
what does observing meanWeegy:
Observing means to see, watch, perceive, or notice: "He observing the passersby in the street." [http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/observing?fromRef=true
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Education|No Subcategories|Expert answered|Rating 1| 8/25/2010 8:57:59 PM