Question and answer
What is the historical role of jails as it applies to corrections?
The Pennsylvania Prison Society was founded in 1787 in Philadelphia with the goals of improving the conditions of prisons and humanizing the treatment of prison inmates. [ Leaders of the society were Quaker clergy who sought to reduce the use of corporal punishment in prisons and jails. They tried to reframe corrections as a religious experience in which convicts could seek expiation for their
sins through Bible reading and contemplation of their misdeeds. The society was successful in promoting the use of "separate and solitary" confinement as a novel penal method to achieve their philosophic objectives (Barnes). Most prisons at the end of the eighteenth century had congregate living situations in which inmates worked in jail-based workshops. Pennsylvania Prison Society members felt that congregate living contributed to prisons becoming "schools for crime" where more criminally sophisticated convicts recruited younger ones for their criminal exploits. The Philadelphia Quakers also believed that solitary contemplation of God could lead to genuine individual reformation. During the early part of the nineteenth century the so-called Philadelphia System of separate and solitary confinement competed with the older congregate system as the dominant penal approach. French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville traveled to America to study the two approaches and make recommendations on correctional practices to European governments (Beaumont and Tocqueville). ]
Expert answered|badgerpoe|Points 620|
Question
Asked 7/11/2011 5:27:09 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
Questions asked by the same visitor
WHAT ARE THE THREE BAIC ARGUMENTS ESTABLISHED IN THE 1800'S THAT SUPPORTED THE SEPARATION OF JUVENILE PRISONERS FROM ADULT PRISONERS? WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF THERE WERE NO DISTINCTION BETEEWN PRISONS FOR JUVENILES AND ADULTS?
Weegy: Despite the evidence for pre-modern concerns about juvenile crime, a number of historians have argued that the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century was a pivotal period of change in the treatment of juvenile criminals. [ Accordingly, a traditional approach to the history of crime has argued that during the nineteenth century there was an ‘invention’ of juvenile crime, and that, henceforth, the foundations were laid for the juvenile justice system of the later nineteenth century, and, indeed, for our modern system. The key features to be enshrined in this system were the axiomatic tension between systems of punishment and reformation, the separation of juveniles from adults at all stages of the criminal justice system, and (at least in the nineteenth century) the removal of the child from what were seen as debilitating domestic environments. The story of these developments can be found in many social histories of the period, particularly since they were taking place in parallel with other developments in social policy. According to traditional histories, it was no coincidence that these developments occurred at the same time as changes to the Poor Law system, change in the workplace, relating particularly to women and children, and changes in the policing of society, evidenced by the passing of the Factory Acts, the Metropolitan Police Act, and the New Poor Law in the first half of the century. Models of Delinquency While the development of the state and of social welfare is certainly significant in discussing juvenile crime in this period, a number of other factors need to be considered. Firstly, the extent to which there was not so much an ‘invention’ as a ‘reconceptualisation’ of the juvenile offender. Secondly, the level of detailed insight into the experience of this group within the criminal justice system afforded by the rich material that has survived in nineteenth-century records. Thirdly, to what extent a particular construction, or ... (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/5/2011 2:50:37 PM
0 Answers/Comments
If one (1) book costs $6.48, how much do three (3) books cost without tax?
Weegy: Without tax, 3 books, each priced at $6.48, costs $19.44. (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Updated 228 days ago|4/10/2014 12:19:13 PM
0 Answers/Comments
What should be the next number in the following series? 1 2 8 48 384 ?
Weegy: In the series 1, 2, 8, 48, 384...the next number should be 3840. (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/7/2011 3:14:39 PM
0 Answers/Comments
18,427,541 questions answered
Popular Conversations
It rained yesterday and is supposed to be sunny today. This is an ...
Weegy: It is an example of B) climate. User: In Hawaii, you can almost always expect 80°F temperatures and daily ...
11/23/2014 3:21:11 AM| 3 Answers
How is the infinitive used in the sentence? Are those cowboy boots ...
Weegy: I need some time to think. Infinitive: To think; Use: Adjective User: How is the infinitive used in the ...
11/24/2014 10:27:35 AM| 3 Answers
9. Which kind of phrase are the underlined words in the sentence? ...
Weegy: The water from the well smells funny to me. The phrase from the well is an adjective phrase. User: Which ...
11/24/2014 12:03:46 PM| 3 Answers
United by common purpose with the majority power residing in the ...
Weegy: United by a common purpose, with the majority of power residing in the states is descriptive of Confederate ...
11/23/2014 12:33:41 AM| 2 Answers
Well, you see, I am accepting the Nobel Prize in literature. a. ...
Weegy: Well, you see, I am accepting the Nobel Prize in literature. The word well is an interjection. User: The ...
11/23/2014 1:40:22 AM| 2 Answers
Minorities and women found employment opportunities mainly a. in ...
Weegy: During World War I minorities and women found employment opportunities mainly in war-related industries. ...
11/23/2014 6:48:35 AM| 2 Answers
In addition to replacing the president if necessary, it's the duty ...
Weegy: In addition to replacing the president if necessary, it's the duty of the vice president to preside over the ...
11/23/2014 7:20:50 AM| 2 Answers
how do I get points
11/23/2014 9:19:57 AM| 2 Answers
Select the product of (5x - 4)(5x + 9). 25x2 - 25x - 36 50x - ...
Weegy: (5x + 1)? User: Select the product of (5x - 4)(5x + 9). a. 25x2 - 25x - 36 b. 50x - 36 c. 25x2 + 25x - ...
11/23/2014 2:08:28 PM| 2 Answers
22n 22 - n n + 22 n - 22
Weegy: N - 8 = 22 represents "the difference between a number and eight is twenty-two". User: Select the expression ...
11/23/2014 3:02:40 PM| 2 Answers
what does the expression 22n means?
11/23/2014 3:05:20 PM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
1
L
P
C
1
P
C
1
L
P
C
1
Points 2473 [Total 14184]| Ratings 10| Comments 2373| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 1322 [Total 3608]| Ratings 0| Comments 1322| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
1
L
P
P
L
P
Points 736 [Total 14110]| Ratings 0| Comments 736| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 731 [Total 1252]| Ratings 6| Comments 671| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 549 [Total 581]| Ratings 1| Comments 539| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 222 [Total 6616]| Ratings 0| Comments 222| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 156 [Total 1452]| Ratings 3| Comments 126| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 50 [Total 50]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 5|Offline
S
Points 46 [Total 46]| Ratings 3| Comments 6| Invitations 1|Offline
S
Points 40 [Total 40]| Ratings 4| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.