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WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF PRISONER REHABILITATION.
Despite its barbaric origins in the medieval dungeon and torture chamber, since the late 18th century prisons have combined elements of punishment with elements of rehabilitation. [ As the French philosopher Michel Foucault put it, punishment shifted over time from the disciplining of the body to the disciplining of the "soul". In 1779 the British Government passed the Penitentiary Act, which
made the rehabilitation of criminals a function of all prisons. Since then, while imprisonment has remained the central form of punishment in the criminal justice system, the emphasis on correction rather than punishment has steadily increased. Rehabilitation techniques vary according to the nature of the offender, the type of offence committed, and the institution in question. Techniques vary from educational and vocational training to help the offender learn a skill for use outside the prison, to psychological rehabilitation, dealing with various problems the individual offender may experience. Drug-addicted prisoners can also receive treatment for their condition in some prisons. Rehabilitation takes place both inside prison, and in some cases, once an offender has been released, on Resettlement Programmes. Help continues to be provided in these circumstances by the Probation Service and other agencies, either as a condition of their early release, or to ease the transition into the community. ]
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Asked 8/20/2011 9:46:58 PM
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what is parole? How does parole differ from mandatory release?
Weegy: Parole is granted when the parole board determines that the inmate has made sufficient progress towards rehabilitation and no longer presents a threat to society, and can be release prior to the end of his sentence. [ Mandatory release is when the inmate must be released from custody before the official end of his sentence, because he generated enough 'credits' via good behaviour, etc. ] (More)
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Asked 8/15/2011 7:16:08 PM
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WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF PRISONER REHABILITATION.
Weegy: In colonial America, punishments were severe. The Massachusetts assembly in 1736 ordered that a thief, on first conviction, be fined or whipped. [ The second time he was to pay treble damages, sit for an hour upon the gallows platform with a noose around his neck and then be carted to the whipping post for thirty stripes. For the third offense he was to be hanged.[4] But the implementation was haphazard as there was no effective police system and judges wouldn't convict if they believed the punishment was excessive. The local jails mainly held men awaiting trial or punishment and those in debt. In the aftermath of independence most states amended their criminal punishment statutes. Pennsylvania eliminated the death penalty for robbery and burglary in 1786, and in 1794 retained it only for first degree murder. Other states followed and in all cases the answer to what alternative penalties should be imposed was incarceration. Pennsylvania turned its old jail at Walnut Street into a state prison. New York built Newgate state prison in Greenwich Village and other states followed. But by 1820 faith in the efficacy of legal reform had declined as statuary changes had no discernable effect on the level of crime and the prisons, where prisoners shared large rooms and booty including alcohol, had become riotous and prone to escapes. In response, New York developed the Auburn system in which prisoners were confined in separate cells and prohibited from talking when eating and working together, implementing it at Auburn State Prison and Sing Sing at Ossining. The aim of this was rehabilitative: the reformers talked about the penitentiary serving as a model for the family and the school and almost all the states adopted the plan (though Pennsylvania went even further in separating prisoners). The system's fame spread and visitors to the U.S. to see the prisons included de Tocqueville who wrote Democracy in America as a result of his visit. ] (More)
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Asked 8/20/2011 10:04:29 PM
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HOW DOES PRISONER REHABILITATION AFFECT PRISONS AND GENERAL SOCIETY
Weegy: And I dont think the system has an affect on prison. (More)
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Asked 8/20/2011 10:07:01 PM
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