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WHAT ARE THE ORIGINS OF PRISONER REHABILITATION.
Despite its barbaric origins in the medieval dungeon and torture chamber, since the late 18th century prisons have combined elements of punishment with elements of rehabilitation. [ As the French philosopher Michel Foucault put it, punishment shifted over time from the disciplining of the body to the disciplining of the "soul". In 1779 the British Government passed the Penitentiary Act, which
made the rehabilitation of criminals a function of all prisons. Since then, while imprisonment has remained the central form of punishment in the criminal justice system, the emphasis on correction rather than punishment has steadily increased. Rehabilitation techniques vary according to the nature of the offender, the type of offence committed, and the institution in question. Techniques vary from educational and vocational training to help the offender learn a skill for use outside the prison, to psychological rehabilitation, dealing with various problems the individual offender may experience. Drug-addicted prisoners can also receive treatment for their condition in some prisons. Rehabilitation takes place both inside prison, and in some cases, once an offender has been released, on Resettlement Programmes. Help continues to be provided in these circumstances by the Probation Service and other agencies, either as a condition of their early release, or to ease the transition into the community. ]
Expert answered|debnjerry|Points 19145|
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Asked 8/20/2011 9:46:58 PM
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How does drug use relate to delinquency?
Weegy: Studies taking from the Center for Treatment Research organization have found youths who take drugs under 15 years of age are at a greater risk for developing delinquent behaviors than adolescents above that age. [ Moreover, depending on the type of substance being abused and its prolonged use, juveniles can become physically and/or psychologically dependent; therefore, juvenile are more willing to participate in delinquent activity, such as stealing or selling drugs, in order to pay for their supply of drugs or seek out a negative socialization group with other delinquent peers, which in return will provide easier access to drugs (Liddle, 2008). ] (More)
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Asked 8/15/2011 6:52:46 PM
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What is parole?
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Updated 1/20/2014 12:11:17 PM
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Parole is a conditional release from prison. The person released must agree to certain provisions for the remainder of his/her sentence. Some of the things a parolee must do are: meet with a parole officer regularly, have a curfew, gain employment, avoid use of alcohol and drugs, etc.

Added 1/20/2014 12:11:08 PM
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what is parole? How does parole differ from mandatory release?
Weegy: Parole is granted when the parole board determines that the inmate has made sufficient progress towards rehabilitation and no longer presents a threat to society, and can be release prior to the end of his sentence. [ Mandatory release is when the inmate must be released from custody before the official end of his sentence, because he generated enough 'credits' via good behaviour, etc. ] (More)
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Asked 8/15/2011 7:16:08 PM
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Describe current parole and mandatory release policies.
Weegy: Virginia Code § 53.1-159 - Mandatory release on parole- Every person who is sentenced and committed under the laws of theCommonwealth to the Department of Corrections or as provided for in 19.2-308.1, [ 53.1-152 or 53.1-153 shall be released on parole by theVirginia Parole Board six months prior to his date of final release. Eachperson so sentenced or committed, however, shall serve a minimum of threemonths of his sentence prior to such a release. Persons who are so releasedon parole shall be subject to a minimum of six months' supervision and anadditional period of parole ending on the date upon which the parolee wouldhave served the maximum term of confinement, or any period the Boardotherwise deems appropriate in accordance with 53.1-156. Such persons shallalso be subject, for the entire period of parole fixed by the Board, to suchterms and conditions prescribed by the Board in accordance with 53.1-157. ] (More)
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Asked 8/15/2011 7:27:50 PM
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Is there a better solution to the current parole process?
Weegy: maybe here (More)
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Asked 8/15/2011 7:47:57 PM
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