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Q: Refer to the charts on p. 6 & p. 20 of Psychology and Your Life. Identify the five major perspectives in the field of psychology and list one subfield for each
A: The following are just a few of the major perspectives in modern psychology. The Biological Perspective The study of physiology played a major role in the development of psychology as a separate science. [ Today, this perspective is known as biological psychology. Sometimes referred to as biopsychology or physiological psychology, this perspective emphasizes the physical and biological bases of
behavior. The Behavioral Perspective Behavioral psychology is a perspective that focuses on learned behaviors. While behaviorism dominated psychology early in the twentieth century, it began to lose its hold during the 1950s. Today, the behavioral perspective is still concerned with how behaviors are learned and reinforced. Behavioral principles are often applied in mental health settings, where therapists and counselors use these techniques to explain and treat a variety of illnesses.The Cognitive Perspective During the 1960s, a new perspective known as cognitive psychology began to take hold. Known today as the "cognitive revolution," this area of psychology focuses on mental processes such as memory, thinking, problem solving, language and decision-making. Influenced by psychologists such as Jean Piaget and Albert Bandura, this perspective has grown tremendously in recent decades.The Cross-Cultural Perspective Cross-cultural psychology is a fairly new perspective that has grown significantly in recent years. These psychologists and researchers look at human behavior across different cultures. By looking at these differences, we can learn more about how our culture influences our thinking and behavior.The Evolutionary Perspective Evolutionary psychology is focused on the study of how evolution explains physiological processes. Psychologists and researchers take the basic principles of evolution, including natural selection, and apply them to psychological phenomena. This perspective suggests that these mental processes exist because they serve an evolutionary purpose ? they aid in survival and reproduction.PLEASE RATE GOOD IF YOU LIKE MY ANSWER AND HAVE A NICE DAY ]
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Asked 3/14/2011 10:12:20 AM
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