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Q: 3. Explain how the following types of risk factors and protective factors influence levels of resilience in individuals and groups in relation to mental well-being and mental health. a. risk factors
including inequalities, poor quality social relationships b. protective factors including socially valued roles, social support and contact
A: Mental well-being is about how we all think, feel, behave and function. It is fundamental to achieving a healthy, resilient and thriving population. [ It underpins healthy lifestyles, physical health, educational attainment, employment and productivity, relationships, community safety and cohesion and quality of life. Action to improve mental well-being will therefore contribute to a
wide range of positive outcomes for individuals and communities, in addition to the prevention of mental health problems. Socioeconomic position (SEP) refers to the position of individuals and families, relative to others, measured by differences in educational qualifications, income, occupation, housing tenure or wealth. Socioeconomic position is generally analysed by quintile, for example comparing health or other outcomes of those in the poorest fifth of the population with those in the richest fifth. Socioeconomic position shapes access to material resources, to every aspect of experience in the home, neighbourhood, and workplace and is a major determinant of health inequalities. Different dimensions of SEP (education, income, occupation, prestige) may influence health through different pathways; SEP involves exposure to psychological as well as material risks and buffers, and structures our experience of dominance, hierarchy, isolation, support and inclusion. Social position also influences areas like identity and social status, which impact on well-being, for example through the effects of low self esteem, shame, and disrespect. Poor physical health is a significant risk factor for poor mental health; conversely, mental well-being protects physical health and improves health outcomes and recovery rates, notably for coronary heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Poor mental health is associated with poor self management of chronic illness and a range of health damaging behaviours, including smoking, drug and alcohol abuse, unwanted pregnancy and poor diet. ]
Maribeth|Points 110|
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Asked 8/20/2013 5:00:20 AM
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