intergroup conflict vs intergroup competiton
Intergroup conflict typically originates in the rival interests of groups with distinct memberships. [ Beyond prejudice, and dislike that is exhibited in attitudes, its most harmful manifestations include social exclusion, violent clashes, street battle, ethnic conflict, and civil war that involve actions oriented against the out-group from in-group members.Relevant models all recognize that
although groups might have their leadership or hierarchical organization, they are not unitary actors, but collections of individuals who under social influence and control have their free will and cognitive capacity to act in favor of their group’s interest or form attitudes that stigmatize out-group members. Rival interests that are at the root of intergroup conflict include competition between groups for economic and social incentives, or social identity.
The starting point of realistic conflict is intergroup competition. Groups compete with each each other for certain scarce resources; it is the scarcity of these resources makes intergroup conflict “realistic”. Groups try to obtain these resources because it is in their interest. In general, hostility towards the competing group is just a means for obtaining the scarce resources for the in-group.
Hubert M. Blalock handled actual intergroup competition for scarce resources at the macro level separately from individual actions. In his model, individuals are mobilized if they perceive intergroup competition or an out-group threat. This perception does not necessarily have to coincide with actual competition.
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