What happens to Earth s surface when horizontal pressure is applied to rocks?
they break and one layer slides beneath the other creating a shelf
they fold to create ridges and valley in the same direction to which pressure is applied
they fold to create ridges and valleys perpendicular to the direction to which pressure is applied
the pressure causes friction that changes the
composition of the rocks
The answer is b. they fold to create ridges and valley in the same direction to which pressure is applied Fold mountains are created by uplift and folding of tectonic plates as they move towards each other and collide. [ This is known as a compressional plate margin. An example is the Himalayan mountain range in South Asia (Indian Plate colliding with the Eurasian Plate).
The plates may be
either 'continental and continental' or 'continental and oceanic'. Most folded mountains resulted from 'continental-continental' collision The plates move towards each other, but there is not a free space for them to move into because they are already touching each other. With two massive plates of rock pushing against each other and continually moving, all that rock has to go somewhere!
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