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Q: explain why there are alternative choices of terminology used to describe the autism spectrum
A: Alternative Terms: Although the American Association on Mental Retardation continues to use the term mental retardation [2].The term "Mental retardation" has acquired pejorative and shameful connotations over the last few decades and is now used [ almost exclusively in technical or scientific contexts. Some of the alternative terms to describe the condition of mental retardation are: In North
America the broad term developmental delay has become an increasingly preferred synonym for mental retardation. Elsewhere, however, developmental delay is generally used to imply that appropriate intervention will improve or completely eliminate the condition, allowing for "catching up." Importantly, this term carries the emotionally powerful idea that the individual's current difficulties are likely to be temporary. Developmental disability is preferred by most physicians. However, the term also refers to any other physical or psychiatric delay, such as delayed puberty. The phrase intellectual disability is increasingly being used as a synonym for people with significantly below-average IQ. These terms are sometimes used as a means of separating general intellectual limitations from specific, limited deficits as well as indicating that it is not an emotional or psychological disability. Intellectual disability is also used to describe the outcome of traumatic brain injury or lead poisoning or dementing conditions such as Alzheimer's disease. It is not specific to congenital conditions like Down syndrome. ]
Expert answered|marg_dhie|Points 4|
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Asked 11/6/2013 3:02:08 AM
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