10) Which of the following statements was true about the Whiskey Rebellion?
A. Hamilton's plan taxed large producers more heavily than small ones.
B. Hamilton wanted to demonstrate to westerners and small farmers that the federal government had the authority to tax them.
C. Hamilton s plan appointed the army as the tax collectors.
D. Hamilton was an early advocate for temperance,
detested alcohol, and hoped to discourage liquor consumption with the whiskey tax.
D. Hamilton was an early advocate for temperance, detested alcohol, and hoped to discourage liquor consumption with the whiskey tax.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a citizen revolt against a 1791 tax on whiskey. [ The reaction to the 1794 uprising in Pennsylvania demonstrated the determination of the US to enforce Federal laws. The
militias of several states, under the personal command of President
George Washington, were used to end the insurrection. The tax on whiskey was bitterly and fiercely opposed by the settlers on the frontier from the day it was passed. Western farmers considered it to be both unfair and discriminatory, since they had traditionally converted their excess grain into liquor. Since the nature of the tax affected those who sold the whiskey, it directly affected many farmers. Many protest meetings were held, and a situation arose which was reminiscent of the opposition to the Stamp Act of 1765, before the American Revolution. Several groups were formed in opposition to the tax, and refused to pay it. Eventually the coercion of officials and private citizens prompted Washington to use military action. (see related link below)Farmers organized against Federalist tax policies.
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