what is the advantage of inductive method
Inductive reasoning takes specific observations and draws general conclusions from those observations. You may look at 100 dogs, for instance, and find that they all have fleas and then declare that all dogs have fleas. [ The problem, obviously, is that you have not examined all dogs, so as soon as one is found without fleas, your conclusion is proven wrong. What you can determine is that it is
likely that a dog will have fleas because all dogs you have come into contact with have them. The more observations you make will determine how accurate your conclusion is.
The strength of inductive reasoning lies in establishing probability. You might observe that when it is very cloudy there is rain. Pure inductive reasoning would say that means it will rain on all cloudy days. You will observe days when this is not true, but through inductive reasoning you establish the probability that it could rain on a cloudy day and prepare accordingly.
Another strength is that inductive reasoning allows you to be wrong. It is only through more observation that you determine whether your premises are true. Detectives use this method of reasoning when investigating a crime. They see patterns or make observations that lead them to certain conclusions. That sets their path in motion, and they will either prove their conclusion right or wrong with further investigation. The value is that this form of reasoning has at least given them some direction.
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