What is race? Is it biological? Is it what philosophers like to call plastic, meaning a social construction only? Somewhere in between? What would have to happen in our world for there to be no racism?
When some people use the "race" they attach a biological meaning, still others use "race" as a socially constructed concept. [ It is clear that even though race does not have a biological meaning, it does have a social meaning which has been legally constructed.
There are no genetic characteristics possessed by all Blacks but not by non- Blacks; similarly, there is no gene or cluster of genes
common to all Whites but not to non-Whites. One's race is not determined by a single gene or gene cluster, as is, for example, sickle cell anemia. Nor are races marked by important differences in gene frequencies, the rates of appearance of certain gene types. The data compiled by various scientists demonstrates, contrary to popular opinion, that intra-group differences exceed inter-group differences. That is, greater genetic variation exists within the populations typically labeled Black and White than between these populations. This finding refutes the supposition that racial divisions reflect fundamental genetic differences. ]
There are no new answers.