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How may the design of the facility affect both construction and long-term operating costs?
Building Design and Construction Sustainable building design and construction is the practice of creating structures and using processes that are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout the life cycle of a building– from [ selecting the site to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and finally, deconstruction. Sustainable building expands on and
complements the classical building design considerations of economy, utility, durability, and comfort. Other terms for sustainable building include green building, high performance building, or sustainable or green construction. The Impact of Buildings on the Environment According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Green Building Council, construction and operation of all buildings in the United States result in the following consumption of resources: 72 percent of electricity resources 39 percent of total energy used 3 billion tons of raw materials annually (40 percent of raw stone, gravel, sand, and steel; 25 percent of virgin wood) 17 percent of freshwater flows As well, construction and operation of all buildings in the United States result in the following generation of waste materials: 25-40 percent of municipal solid waste 50 percent of CFCs 30 percent of CO2 production Other air emissions and water discharges Given the extent to which buildings affect the environment, the opportunities for improvement through sustainable planning, design, construction, and operations and maintenance practices are significant. Although an organization may choose to prioritize energy reduction, water conservation, waste minimization, or any number of individual initiatives, the practice of sustainable building is really about an integrated approach to planning, design, construction, operations, and maintenance. It is an overarching philosophy or commitment that influences decision-making in every phase of a project. ]
Expert answered|stephen23|Points 30|
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Asked 9/6/2013 10:04:16 AM
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