Question and answer
According to Aristotle, how could a person come to know universal truths? Answer
As a prolific writer and polymath, Aristotle radically transformed most, if not all, areas of knowledge he touched. [ It is no wonder that Aquinas referred to him simply as “The Philosopher.” In his lifetime, Aristotle wrote as many as 200 treatises, of which only 31 survive. Unfortunately for us, these works are in the form of lecture notes and draft manuscripts never intended for general
readership, so they do not demonstrate his reputed polished prose style which attracted many great followers, including the Roman Cicero. Aristotle was the first to classify areas of human knowledge into distinct disciplines such as mathematics, biology, and ethics. Some of these classifications are still used today. As the father of the field of logic, he was the first to develop a formalized system for reasoning. Aristotle observed that the validity of any argument can be determined by its structure rather than its content. A classic example of a valid argument is his syllogism: All men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal. Given the structure of this argument, as long as the premises are true, then the conclusion is also guaranteed to be true. Aristotle’s brand of logic dominated this area of thought until the rise of modern propositional logic and predicate logic 2000 years later. Aristotle’s emphasis on good reasoning combined with his belief in the scientific method forms the backdrop for most of his work. For example, in his work in ethics and politics, Aristotle identifies the highest good with intellectual virtue; that is, a moral person is one who cultivates certain virtues based on reasoning. And in his work on psychology and the soul, Aristotle distinguishes sense perception from reason, which unifies and interprets the sense perceptions and is the source of all knowledge. Aristotle famously rejected Plato’s theory of forms, which states that properties such as beauty are abstract universal entities that exist independent of the objects themselves. ]
Expert answered|donnytella|Points 30|
Question
Asked 5/8/2013 7:57:38 AM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
21,555,915 questions answered
Popular Conversations
Financial statements should be prepared before any adjustments are ...
Weegy: Financial statements should be prepared before any adjustments are made. False. User: The credit side of an ...
7/4/2015 3:44:09 AM| 3 Answers
A chart of accounts does NOT include (Points : 1) assets. ...
Weegy: A chart of accounts does NOT include NAMES OF CUSTOMERS. User: Source documents provide objective, ...
7/4/2015 8:48:25 PM| 2 Answers
Profits from operating activities distributed to business owners are ...
Weegy: Profits from operating activities distributed to business owners are called dividends. TRUE. User: The ...
7/4/2015 3:55:42 AM| 1 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
1
L
P
1
1
Points 135 [Total 1541]| Ratings 1| Comments 125| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
Points 113 [Total 624]| Ratings 0| Comments 113| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
P
P
1
P
1
P
Points 49 [Total 9578]| Ratings 0| Comments 49| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 31 [Total 31]| Ratings 1| Comments 21| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 24 [Total 8404]| Ratings 0| Comments 24| Invitations 0|Offline
S
R
Points 6 [Total 208]| Ratings 0| Comments 6| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
P
Points 4 [Total 3563]| Ratings 0| Comments 4| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 4 [Total 4]| Ratings 0| Comments 4| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 1 [Total 1]| Ratings 0| Comments 1| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 1 [Total 44]| Ratings 0| Comments 1| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2015 Purple Inc.