Outline potential risks of infection within the workplace
First aid personnel and workers may be at risk of exposure to infectious diseases or biological hazards if they receive:
a skin penetrating injury such as a needle stick injury
if blood or body substances come into contact with broken skin, [ open wounds, eyes or mouth
contaminated first aid equipment or materials are used
Infectious diseases which may be transmitted by blood and some body
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS
All workplaces should undertake a review of their first aid practices to remove the risks of infection or exposure to biological hazards.Hands should be washed using soap and water:
before and after contact with an ill or injured person
when there is contact with blood or body substances or contaminated items
when protective gloves are removed
When soap and water is not available, use an alcoholic chlorhexidine hand wash or equivalent.
Waterproof dressings should be available to allow first aid personnel to cover injuries. This reduces the risk of an injured person's blood or body substance coming into contact with the broken skin of the first aid person. ]
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