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What is the future role of private security in addressing the terrorism threat?
There has been a lot written about the role of private security in international relations since the invasion of Iraqin 2003. [ Much of it is emotional outpouring that either demonises the private security industry or represents it as a silver bullet that can transform humanitarian interventions.[1] What such work invariably lacks is a critical assessment of the potential utility offered by
private security companies (PSC) in expeditionary warfare.[2] It is impossible to do justice to the topic in a short piece such as this, especially given its controversial nature. However, the author will attempt to do his best; if only in outlining some of the major themes that governments and international organisations will need to address in the coming years concerning PSCs and international security. There is nothing new about the use of private actors in war. They have been a significant player in warfare throughout the ages. Indeed, only over the last 150 years has the state managed to maintain some type of monopoly over violence. Even so, since the end of the Cold War the market has gradually eroded that monopoly. At the start of the 21st Century, private actors are once more an important feature on the battlefield. As armies have become more specialised they have outsourced more mission tasks to the private sector, while the complex nature of expeditionary warfare has left governments with few alternatives to harnessing the capabilities of the market. States’ institutions are no longer able to cope with the range of tasks associated with humanitarian intervention. Rather a new set of institutional arrangements has gradually emerged to manage complex humanitarian interventions, including government agencies, non-governmental organisations, international organisations and the private sector. Importantly, new ways have had to be found to project power through networks that are non-territorial and transcend the public-private divide. ]
Expert answered|wintonjoe44|Points 20|
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Asked 1/11/2013 9:52:58 PM
Updated 1/11/2013 10:25:43 PM
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What specific attention is used to support threat assessment, vulnerability assessment, the tracking of terrorist organizations, and information dissemination?
Weegy: In order to determine which of the four hypotheses (above) correctly describes the threat, it is necessary to engage in some hypothesis-testing. [ This process ultimately involves an attempt to find a significant relationship between the terrorist goal (ends) and the criteria they use to determine effectiveness (means). Figuring out the ends comes down to figuring out intent, which is an inherently uncertain endeavor, but past attack patterns can also be looked at for clues or insights into intent. Particular attention ought to be paid to the following: potential for mass casualties (suggestive of the coercion hypothesis), the timing (suggestive of the damage hypothesis), the symbolism of the venue or target (suggestive of the rally hypothesis), and the use of new or innovative modalities (suggestive of the franchise hypothesis). It is up to individual intelligence analysts to decide if these (or other) indicators are suggestive of a specific goal (or mix of goals). It is also important to avoid overgeneralizations about force multipliers a terrorist group might use in conjunction with a single attack (an example here might be terrorist use of the media as suggestive of the RALLY hypothesis only). Likewise, it is important to avoid jumping to conclusions about the FRANCHISE hypothesis when faced with an overwhelming terrorist threat (such as the kind faced in a multi-coupled, non-static threat environment involving widely-dispersed "movements" like al-Qaeda). ] (More)
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