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2.3. Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. Theories of development are: a. cognitive (eg Piaget) b. psychoanalytic (eg Freud) c.
humanist (eg Maslow) d. social learning (eg Bandura) e. operant conditioning (eg Skinner) f. Behaviourist (eg Watson) Frameworks to support development are: social pedagogy
Developmental psychology is divided roughly between those who study personal–social (emotional) development and those who study intellectual and linguistic development, [ although there is a small but growing interest in the overlap between these two aspects of personality, known as social cognition. The study of personal-social development in childhood is dominated by the theory of attachment
formulated by J. Bowlby and extended by M. Ainsworth. In adolescence and adulthood, E. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development is prominent. The study of intellectual development at all ages is dominated by Piaget's theory of cognitive constructivism. Emotional development Ainsworth defines attachment as “an affectional tie that one person forms to another specific person, binding them together in space, and enduring over time … [It] is discriminating and specific.” It is not present at birth, but is developed. In a word, attachment means love. Attachment behaviors such as crying, smiling, physical contact, and vocalizing are the means by which attachment is forged but are not to be equated with the more abstract, underlying construct of attachment. Attachment theory is strongly based on ethological notions. Thus, attachment is seen as serving a biological function, that is, the protection of infants by ensuring their proximity to (attached) adults. The common goal of attached individuals is proximity. Bowlby was influenced by Freud's psychoanalytic theory of development, but argues that there is a primary biological need to become attached to at least one adult, whereas Freud argued that love for a mother was secondary to her satisfaction of an infant's hunger. Intellectual development For Piaget, intelligence is defined as the ability to adapt to the environment, an ability that depends upon physical and psychological (cognitive) organization. The adaptation process has two complementary components, assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation refers to the tendency to process new information, sometimes with distortion, in terms of existing cognitive structures. ]
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User: EXPLAIN HOW THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPORT DEVELOPMENT INFLUENCE CURRENT PRACTICE

User: 2.3. Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. Theories of development are: a. cognitive (eg Piaget) b. psychoanalytic (eg Freud) c. humanist (eg Maslow) d. social learning (eg Bandura) e. operant conditioning (eg Skinner) f. Behaviourist (eg Watson) Frameworks to support development are: social pedagogy

Weegy: Developmental psychology is divided roughly between those who study personal–social (emotional) development and those who study intellectual and linguistic development, [ although there is a small but growing interest in the overlap between these two aspects of personality, known as social cognition. The study of personal-social development in childhood is dominated by the theory of attachment formulated by J. Bowlby and extended by M. Ainsworth. In adolescence and adulthood, E. Erikson's theory of psychosocial development is prominent. The study of intellectual development at all ages is dominated by Piaget's theory of cognitive constructivism. Emotional development Ainsworth defines attachment as “an affectional tie that one person forms to another specific person, binding them together in space, and enduring over time … [It] is discriminating and specific.” It is not present at birth, but is developed. In a word, attachment means love. Attachment behaviors such as crying, smiling, physical contact, and vocalizing are the means by which attachment is forged but are not to be equated with the more abstract, underlying construct of attachment. Attachment theory is strongly based on ethological notions. Thus, attachment is seen as serving a biological function, that is, the protection of infants by ensuring their proximity to (attached) adults. The common goal of attached individuals is proximity. Bowlby was influenced by Freud's psychoanalytic theory of development, but argues that there is a primary biological need to become attached to at least one adult, whereas Freud argued that love for a mother was secondary to her satisfaction of an infant's hunger. Intellectual development For Piaget, intelligence is defined as the ability to adapt to the environment, an ability that depends upon physical and psychological (cognitive) organization. The adaptation process has two complementary components, assimilation and accommodation. Assimilation refers to the tendency to process new information, sometimes with distortion, in terms of existing cognitive structures. ]
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Asked 2/4/2012 10:51:53 AM
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