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Q: identify choice theories and their assumptions in regards to crime
A: Choice theories are perspectives on crime causation that states that criminality is the aftermath of conscious choices. Offenders desire to defy the laws when they believe that the cost of doing so does not outweigh the benefits. [ Choice theories state that the decision to commit (or refrain from) crime is an exercise of free will based on the offender?s efforts to maximize pleasure and
minimize pain. The majority of offenders o not realize the consequences until they are standing before a judge who will decide their fate. Depending on the crime, especially drug cases, criminals believe they are going to receive probation and that will be it. They can continue their drug selling until they get caught again while continuing to see the probation officer. There is a central behavior to our existence and that it is genetically driven by five needs: responsibility and freedom, power/competence/significance, fun/learning, love/connecting/belonging, and survival. Choice theories state that the decision to commit (or refrain from) crime is an exercise of free will based on the offender?s efforts to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. Every action that takes place can have an equal reaction, positive and negative. If a person puts choice theories to work in a positive way then there will not be a problem. Choice theory has a direct relationship with crime. The main relevance crime and choice theory have is that criminals are not seen as deviant individuals. Simply put, commit a crime, and go to jail. Our criminal justice system is based on the concept that persons accused of crimes are innocent until proven guilty. Thus, we can define a crime as a wrong against society. ]
rachell028|Points 852|
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Asked 10/30/2012 11:24:05 PM
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