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Comprehension Assessment 1. Read the following passage and answer the questions 1 through 5: Africa was one of the sites where agriculture began. Archaeological investigations suggest that knowledge
of cultivation moved west from the ancient Judaea (southern Palestine) and arrived in the Nile Delta in Egypt about the fifth millennium before Christ. Settled agriculture then traveled down the Nile Valley and moved west across the southern edge of the Sahara to the central and western Sudan. By the first century B.C., settled agriculture existed in West Africa. From there it spread to the equatorial forests. African farmers learned to domesticate plants including millet, sorghum, and yams. Cereal-growing people probably taught forest people to plant regular fields. Gradually, African farmers also learned to clear land by burning. They evolved a sedentary way of life – living in villages, clearing fields, relying on root drops, and fishing. McKay et al, A History of World Societies, Vol. I, 5th edition, p. 282. In this passage, investigations means the same as: (Points : 5) studies. experts. crops. forests. 2. In this passage, people who are sedentary are those who: (Points : 5) migrate. domesticate animals. burn forests. live in villages. 3. What is the main idea of this paragraph? (Points : 5) Agriculture reached Africa first in Egypt. African farmers domesticated millet, sorghum, and yams. Agriculture reached Africa early and developed slowly. African farmers learned to clear land by burning. 4. According to the passage, agriculture reached the equatorial forests from which area? (Points : 5) Ancient Judaea West Africa The Central and Western Sudan Egypt 5. According to the passage, which crops were domesticated in Africa? (Points : 5) Cereals such as wheat Oats, peas, and barley Root crops only Millet, sorghum, and yams 6. Read the following passage and answer the questions 6 through 10: As infants and caregivers respond to one another in the first year, the infant begins to form an attachment – a deep, affectionate, close, and enduring relationship - to these important figures. John Bowlby, a British psychoanalyst, drew attention to the importance of attachment when he observed the dire effects of separation from parents on children who had been orphaned during World War II. These children’s depression and other emotional scars led Bowlby to propose a theory about the importance of developing a strong attachment to one’s primary caregivers – a tie that normally keeps infants close to these caregivers and, therefore, safe. Soon after Bowlby described his theory, researchers in the United States began to investigate how such attachments are formed and what happens when they are not formed, or when they are broken by loss or separation. Perhaps the most dramatic of these studies was conducted with monkeys by Harry Harlow. Bernstein/Nash, Essentials of Psychology, p. 349 In this passage, the word dire means: (Points : 5) long-lasting. very serious. affectionate. very safe. 7. This passage is mostly about: (Points : 5) John Bowlby. separation. attachment. infancy. 8. Bowlby observed children who were separated from their parents because of: (Points : 5) war. poverty. neglect. illness. 9. The purpose of attachment is to: (Points : 5) ensure that adults will take care of an infant. make sure infants are not depressed. keep infants healthy. keep infants safe. 10. In this passage, propose means to: (Points : 5) suggest. write. guess. separate. 11. Read the following passage and answer the questions 11 through 15: A Brook In The City The farmhouse lingers, though averse to square With the new city street it has to wear A number in. But what about the brook That held the house as in an elbow-crook? I ask as one who knew the brook, its strength And impulse, having dipped a finger length And made it leap my knuckle, having tossed A flower to try its currents where they crossed. The meadow grass could be cemented down From growing under pavements of a town; The apple trees be sent to hearth-stone flame. Is water wood to serve a brook the same? How else dispose of an immortal force No longer needed? Staunch it at its source With cinder loads dumped down? The brook was thrown Deep in a sewer dungeon under stone In fetid darkness still to live and run - And all for nothing it had ever done Except forget to go in fear perhaps. No one would know except for ancient maps That such a brook ran water. But I wonder If from its being kept forever under, The thoughts may not have risen that so keep This new-built city from both work and sleep. -Robert Frost In this passage, the word averse means: (Points : 5) long-lasting. very serious. opposed to. comfortable. 12. This passage is mostly about the: (Points : 5) new-built city. farmhouse. brook. meadow grass. 13. What happened to the apple trees? (Points : 5) They were moved. They still stand by the brook. They rotted. They were used for firewood. 14. In this passage, fetid means: (Points : 5) complete. fearful. comfortable. foul smelling. 15. What became of the brook? (Points : 5) It was diverted to the sewer system. It dried up. It still runs by the old house. It runs by water wood. 16. Read the following passages and answer the questions 16 through 20: After three weeks she had found a wife’s life irksome and, later on, when she was beginning to find it unbearable, she had become a mother. The part of mother presented to her no insuperable difficulties and for twenty-five years she had kept house shrewdly for her husband. Her two eldest sons were launched. One was in a draper’s shop in Glasgow and the other was clerk to a tea-merchant in Belfast. They were good sons, wrote regularly and sometimes sent home money. The other children were still at school. Mr. Kernan sent a letter to his office next day and remained in bed. She made beef-tea for him and scolded him roundly. She accepted his frequent intemperance as part of the climate, healed him dutifully whenever he was sick and always tried to make him eat a breakfast. There were worse husbands. He had never been violent since the boys had grown up, and she knew that he would walk to the end of Thomas Street and back again to book even a small order. Adapted from James Joyce’s short story “Grace” in Dubliners In this passage, the word insuperable means: (Points : 5) long-lasting. past. insurmountable. house maintenance. 17. How many children do the Kernan’s have? (Points : 5) None One Two More than two 18. The second paragraph suggests that the Kernan’s marriage is characterized primarily by: (Points : 5) Mr. Kernan’s violent behavior towards his wife. Mrs. Kernan’s patience with her husband. Mr. Kernan’s fondness for his wife’s beef tea. Mr. Kernan’s willingness to go to the store for his wife. 19. The narrator’s point of view is that of: (Points : 5) a detached observer. Mr. Kernan. a biased observer. the Kernan’s child. 20. In this passage, irksome means: (Points : 5) agreeable. annoying. unbearable. uncomfortable
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