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How did you evaluate arguments in your research for explicit teaching of critical thinking in the elementary school setting
Teaching critical thinking? You might wonder if kids will work it out for themselves. After all, lots of smart people have managed to think logically without formal instruction in logic. [ Moreover, studies show that kids become better learners when they are forced to explain how they solve problems. So maybe kids will discover principles of logic spontaneously, as they discuss their ideas with
others. But research hints at something else, too. Perhaps the most effective way to foster critical thinking skills is to teach those skills. Explicitly. (Abrami et al 2008). Studies suggest that students become remarkably better problem-solvers when we teach them to • analyze analogies • create categories and classify items appropriately • identify relevant information • construct and recognize valid deductive arguments • test hypotheses • recognize common reasoning fallacies • distinguish between evidence and interpretations of evidence ]
Expert answered|Tiffny|Points 40|
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Asked 4/14/2013 11:23:16 PM
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How can you use the tips for evaluating arguments in your workplace? Give an example and explain.
Weegy: Critical listening is a rational process of evaluating arguments in the workplace put forward by others. [ Some examples Subject and logic The focus of criticism may be either or both of the subject matter being discussed or the logical structure of the argument being proposed. Subject-matter Critical listening may be based on the subject-matter being talked about and assumes the listener is sufficiently expert in the subject matter to be able to form a valid opinion. Logic It may also be based on the logic and structure of the argument being proposed, which assumes the listener has a sound grasp of logic and argumentation. SIER structure 'SIER' critical listening breaks the process down into four repeating parts: Sensing Sensing is simply hearing the words. This is not automatic and requires careful focus and attention that excludes any distractions. Interpretation Interpretation is the process of understanding and assigning basic meaning. It is based on the mental models and schemata of the listener, many of which may be based on commonly accepted knowledge and paradigms. Evaluation Evaluation is the process of judging the argument, assessing 'facts' presented for real accuracy and seeking structural integrity and fallacies in the argument presented. Assignment Finally, having judged the argument, the critical listener may assign worth to it. An argument may thus be judged as strong, rational, truthful and worthy, or weak, illogical, false and unworthy. ] (More)
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Asked 4/7/2013 3:03:36 PM
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What is the difference between errors affecting truth and errors affective validity?
Weegy: Errors that affect validity are much harder to discern unless you are privvy to the inside information of EVERYTHING that went on in the process. If I conduct a study and report that of 15,000 people contacted, the King's approval rate is at 100%, [ that is the TRUTH of the matter. HOWEVER, if you dig into it, I may have only contacted the 15,000 members of the King's family and closest supporters from his home town, which calls the validity into account. Another validity error is when you draw a correlation when there isn't one. If you push 10,000 people off a cliff, and when they are 3' from the bottom you snap them in the butt with a rubber band, you note that 100% of them died. A validity error would be to say that if you snap a person in the butt with a rubber band, they will die because of the correlation shown in your study. There may be a relationship (all the dead bodies had a tiny bruise on their butt), but it isn't a cause/effect correlation. Truth errors are like when a bill goes before Congress that will give lots of money to blind nuns and orphans - AND make it legal to gouge out people's eye on the street. A political advert will say, "My opponent voted to deny nuns and orphans the money they need!!!" which is a truth error. Yes, he may have voted against it - but to prevent people from losing eyeballs. Don't laugh at this example - it happens ALL the time in the US!! ] (More)
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Asked 4/7/2013 5:27:44 PM
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What are assumptions?
Weegy: Assumptions - Accepted cause and effect relationships, or estimates of the existence of a fact from the known existence of other fact(s). (More)
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Asked 4/7/2013 9:11:39 PM
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How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking?
Weegy: An assumption is something we take for granted or presuppose, usually it is something we previously learned and do not question. It is part of our system of beliefs. [ We assume our beliefs to be true and use them to interpret the world around us. Assumptions interfere with critical thinking because we not stop to think about the issue. In order to avoid making assumptions in your thinking, you must gain control of your thinking. We must identify inferences and assumptions in order to see what inferences are illogical when the assumptions that lead to them are not justifiable. The key is recognizing and questioning our inferences and assumptions. (2012, 05). Assumptions and Fallacies. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 05, 2012, from ] User: What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? Weegy: 1. Ask open (who, what, when, where, how) questions to clarify assumptions. 2. Self-check before winding yourself into a frenzy and letting your imagination go AWOL about things that frustrate you. 3. [ Listen to your internal mental chatter and make sure that you've had an external conversation to check assumptions as well as an internal one. 4. If in doubt, ask and double check. 5. Don't get lazy or complacent and make assumptive short cuts just because you think you know someone well. It's dangerous and you may end up with egg on your face ] User: What are fallacies? (More)
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Asked 4/7/2013 9:21:41 PM
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What are fallacies? User: How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments?
Weegy: Fallacies are defined as a mistaken belief and based on an illogical argument. Fallacies are used in many things such as what we see or hear. Fallacies are glorified fabrications of the truth. [ They are used in writing to get the reader focused on the topic without using logic. They are used in writing, oral, and visual arguments to sway individuals to their point of view. Fallacies are very improper argumentation that happens inside reasoning that ends with a misconception or a presumption. I know for me there are several things that I can do to avoid fallacies in my thinking. First thing I could do, would to identify what properties are the most important to the point I?m trying to make. I would compare and see if the two are reasonable and search out all the points of view before choosing. ] User: What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking? Weegy: To avoid fallacies, just think straight at reality. Don't bother thinking too far. Think justly and plainly and judge whether what you think is reliable. (More)
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Asked 4/7/2013 9:52:37 PM
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