Does the US currently use a medical model, or a wellness model, or both? Explain your position. What factors have led to using these models?
The U.S. health care system has both a wellness model and a medical model. The medical model focuses more on “fixing people” by reducing symptoms. “The wellness model is a different way to view and see people,” says Swarbrick. [ “The medical model is short term, the wellness model has the goal of creating meaning and purpose in people’s lives so they can heal and get better.”
The wellness model
does not simply focus on physical health such as weight loss, but incorporates eight dimensions—physical, spiritual, social, intellectual, emotional, occupational, environmental, and financial.4 Swarbrick notes that it is not a case of the medical model versus the wellness model. ]
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