1. give a brief explanation of one of the Neo- Freudian psychoanalytic theories, including the theorist and key concepts.
Neo- Freudian psychoanalytic theories, [ including the theorist and key concepts:
Erik Erikson: Ego Psychology
Key concepts: Importance of social influences on development; identity; identity crisis.
Ego performs constructive function- -as opposed to Freud’s mediator function
Goals of ego—establish identity; satisfy need for mastery over environment. Powerful and independent part of
Identity: complex inner state includes sense of individuality, uniqueness and continuity with past and present. Term from Erikson—identity crisis—confusion and despair from lacking sense of identity. Uncertain about who you are, your values, lacking direction.
Erikson outlined eight stages of personality development that we pass through during our lifetimes. At each stage we are faced with a crisis and two means to resolve the crisis.Ego helps adapt to various conflicts and crises of life.
Stages are an interaction of opposites—people have harmonious and disruptive experiences. Conflict or clash between elements produces a basic ego strength.
Too little basic strength at one stage results in core pathology (lack hope from infancy—withdrawal)
Ego identity shaped by multiplicity of conflicts and events—past, present and anticipated.
There are no new answers.