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Q: 5 advantages and disadvantages of complexity in higher organisms
A: The complexity of higher organisms, which arises in the course of embryonic development from the much simpler fertilized egg, does not emerge by spontaneous generation nor by miracle. Such complexity must somehow be preexistent in the egg. [ Since the structure of organisms is genetically transmitted, it is DNA itself, the support of genetic information, that encodes this complexity. Here we
propose a model of organization of the genome in DNA loops maintained by DNA crossings. In this model DNA sequences that do not encode proteins, which represent more than 98% of the human genome, are involved in the definition of DNA crossing points and can no longer be considered as junk, but instead play a fundamental part in the encoding of genetic information by modulating the transcriptional state of genome domains. ............ ]
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User: 5 advantages and disadvantages of complexity in higher organisms

Weegy: The complexity of higher organisms, which arises in the course of embryonic development from the much simpler fertilized egg, does not emerge by spontaneous generation nor by miracle. Such complexity must somehow be preexistent in the egg. [ Since the structure of organisms is genetically transmitted, it is DNA itself, the support of genetic information, that encodes this complexity. Here we propose a model of organization of the genome in DNA loops maintained by DNA crossings. In this model DNA sequences that do not encode proteins, which represent more than 98% of the human genome, are involved in the definition of DNA crossing points and can no longer be considered as junk, but instead play a fundamental part in the encoding of genetic information by modulating the transcriptional state of genome domains. ............ ]
sujaysen|Points 2733|

User: in a tabular form 5 advantages and disadvantages of complexity in higher organisms

Weegy: The evolution of biological complexity is an important outcome of the process of evolution. [ [ Evolution has produced some remarkably complex organisms - although the actual level of complexity is very hard to define or measure accurately in biology, with properties such as gene content, the number of cell types or morphology all being used to assess an organism's complexity.[1][2] This observation that complex organisms can be produced from simpler ones has led to the common misperception of evolution being progressive and having a direction that leads towards what are viewed as "higher organisms".[3] Nowadays, this idea of "progression" in evolution is regarded as misleading, with natural selection having no intrinsic direction and organisms selected for either increased or decreased complexity in response to local environmental conditions.[4] Although there has been an increase in the maximum level of complexity over the history of life, there has always been a large majority of small and simple organisms and the most common level of complexity (the mode) appears to have remained relatively constant. Contents [hide] 1 Selection for simplicity and complexity 2 Types of trends in complexity 3 History 4 See also 5 References [edit]Selection for simplicity and complexity Organisms that reproduce more quickly and plentifully than their competitors have an evolutionary advantage. Consequently, organisms can evolve to become simpler and thus multiply faster and produce more offspring, as they require fewer resources to reproduce. A good example are parasites such as Plasmodium - the parasite responsible for malaria - and mycoplasma; these organisms often dispense with traits that are made unnecessary through parasitism on a host.[5] A lineage can also dispense with complexity when a particular complex trait merely provides no selective advantage in a particular environment. ] ]
Expert answered|uxiali|Points 718|



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Asked 10/13/2012 10:49:46 AM
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