Are juveniles truly capable of understanding the seriousness and consequences of their actions?
If so, at what age are they capable of understanding? At what age should juveniles be tried as adults? Explain your answers.
1. Can juveniles truly understand the seriousness and consequences of their actions?
No. A juvenile is considered anyone under the age of 18. However, medical research shows that the human brain does not fully develop until about the age of 25. [ Specifically the pre-frontal cortex which which controls impulse control and higher order reasoning.
2. At what age is a juvenile capable of
I presume you're asking when a juvenile can judge right from wrong. Juveniles can understand the differeence between right and wrong. Most develop this ability at about age 5, some at a later age They know it's worong to lie and right to tell the truth. However, understanding right and wrong should be separated from the issue of accountability. When the brain is not fully developed some areas function at full capability, but that important pre-frontal cortex may not be able to control an impulse which results in a criminal act or fully comprehend the consequence of the action.
3.At what age should juveniles be tried as adults?
I would suggest the age be 25 or when the brain is fully developed. Psychological tests can objectively determine if the brain is fully developed. When the brain is fully developed and functioning normally then full accounatability can be expected. There are precedents in law to support this; for example, the diminished capacity defence and severe emotional distress. This may sound like an excuse to justify juvenile criminal behavior. Believe me, I'm all for holding individuals accountble for their actions, but research supported medical evidence should be a calculated factor in determining degree of accountability and the subsequent punishment. ]
There are no new answers.