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1. Describe the five approaches to motivation. Explain how each approach affects motivation.
Approaches to Motivation Behavioral Approaches Source of Motivation: Extrinsic Important Influences: Reinforcers, rewards, incentives, [ and punishers Reward – an attractive object or event supplied as a consequence of a behavior Incentive – an object or event that encourages or discourages behavior Key theorists: Skinner Humanistic Approaches Source of Motivation: Intrinsic Important
Influences: Need for self-esteem, self-fulfillment, and self-determination Humanistic interpretation – An approach to motivation that emphasizes personal freedom, choice, self-determination, and striving for personal growth Key theorists: Maslow; Deci Cognitive Approaches Source of Motivation: Intrinsic Important Influences: Beliefs, attributions for success and failure, expectations Key theorists: Weiner, Graham Social Cognitive Theories Source of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Important Influences: Goals, expectations, intentions, self-efficacy Expectancy x value theories – Explanations of motivation that emphasize individuals’ expectations for success combined with their valuing of the goal Key theorists: Locke & Latham; Bandura Sociocultural Conceptions Source of Motivation: Intrinsic Important Influences: Engaged participation in learning communities; maintaining identity through participation in activities of group Sociocultural views of motivation – Perspectives that emphasize participation, identities, and interpersonal relations within communities of practice Legitimate peripheral participation – Genuine involvement in the work of the group, even if your abilities are undeveloped and contributions are small Key theorists: Lave; Wenger For more: drc.ohiolink.edu/.../Motivation%20Resources.. ]
Expert answered|Mayang30|Points 273|
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Asked 8/20/2012 7:37:50 AM
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