identify common types of medication
Although there are many drugs on the market, available by prescription or as over-the-counter (OTC) medications, all drugs are classified into one of a variety of categories. [ Millions of OTC and prescription medicines are sold each year around the world to help people with a variety of conditions.
One of the oldest quests of medical researchers is the search for medicines that
reduce or eliminate pain. Pain may be the biggest medical complaint in history. Pain killers are divided into three basic groups: narcotic analgesics, non-narcotic analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Narcotic analgesics, available by prescription only, tend to be the most effective relievers of pain, but they also can lead to addiction with continued use. These types of drugs include morphine, oxycodone, codeine and hydrocodone. Non-narcotic analgesics such as acetaminophen are sold OTC and by prescription. They also may be combined with narcotics to increase their effectiveness, Drugs.com reports. Both of these kinds of drugs work directly upon the central nervous system to alleviate pain. NSAIDs work differently, specifically to reduce inflammation that causes pain, such as with arthritis. NSAIDs include OTC drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, and prescription medicines such as celecoxib and indomethacin.
There are no new answers.