ADVANTAGES OF PROJECT METHOD
According to traditional historiography, the project idea is a genuine product of the American Progressive education movement. [ The idea was thought to have originally been introduced in 1908 as a new method of teaching agriculture, but educator William H. Kilpatrick elaborated the concept and popularized it worldwide in his famous article, "The Project Method" (1918). More recently, Michael
Knoll has traced the project method to architectural education in sixteenth-century Italy and to engineering education in eighteenth-century France. This illustrates that the project of the architect–like the experiment of the scientist, the sandbox exercise of the staff officer, and the case study of the jurist–originated in the professionalization of an occupation.
The project method was first introduced into colleges and schools when graduating students had to apply on their own the skills and knowledge they had learned in the course of their studies to problems they had to solve as practicians of their trade. With some simplification, five phases in the history of the project method can be differentiated:
Read more: Project Method - Education, Students, Kilpatrick, and Approach - StateUniversity.com ]
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