what legislation meant to constrain race within prejudicial boundaries was enacted? How did the various groups researched fight this legislation on african americans?
To the extent that race is understood to be biologically determined,
members of all racial groups may exhibit a tendency to
attend to and extend themselves to racial ingroup members more
than to outgroup members. [ In Study 3, for example, we found that
race conceptions predicted friendship motivation for a wide variety
of racial groups. People need not be members of historically
groups to either experience or deliver disregard.
We argue, however, that the long-term consequences of disregard
for historically disadvantaged groups in particular are likely
to be profound. Support for public policies designed to decrease
racial disparities between Blacks and Whites, for example, are
likely to be met with less support to the extent that race is viewed
as biologically determined. Disadvantaged groups may remain at
the margins of society while other groups advance?not unlike the
situation described for Black men in the New York Times article
used as a stimulus in Study 2. For the disadvantaged, disregard
becomes a more general civic disregard that operates at both the
intergroup and interpersonal levels to deepen alienation and marginalization.
Not only are members of disadvantaged groups?who
routinely experience disregard?vulnerable to social and economic
isolation but also to a decline in feelings of belonging and to
depressed cognitive performance (Walton & Cohen, 2007). Close
connections to and acceptance by other people are essential to our
experiences of well-being and to our very humanity (Diener &
Oishi, 2005). Without this, we all suffer. ]
There are no new answers.