Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.01 MC)What role did Islam play in increasing the importance of the Songhai Empire?
Islamic law helped unify Songhai with its conquered kingdoms.
... Islam helped turn Songhai from a military empire to a peaceful one.
Songhai Islamic scholars visited and influenced neighboring lands.
Islam paved the way for Songhai alliances with North African kingdoms.
Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)What contribution could cryptographers—experts on codes—make to what is understood about the history of Mesoamerica?
Cryptographers might be able to figure out unfamiliar writing systems.
Cryptographers could interpret the meaning of pictures of human sacrifice.
Cryptographers could calculate the dates when crucial events occurred.
Cryptographers would be able to identify the Mesoamerican gods.
Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)What could an archeologist infer from the fact that fish bones have been found at mountain sites of the Inca Empire, while potatoes, a mountain crop, have been found at coastal Inca sites?
The different environmental sections of the Inca Empire traded with each other.
The distance from the coast to the mountains was less than the length of the coast.
The Inca diet was essentially the same no matter what region people were in.
The coastal Inca and the mountain Inca taught each other their food-providing skills.
Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)What legacy did the Chavin culture pass down to the Incas?
Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.05 MC)Use the photo below of a Mayan stele with engravings to answer the following question:
Consider the Mayan writing on this stone stele. How does this writing system differ from that of the Inca?
The Maya used animal imagery, while the Inca used mostly floral.
The Maya wrote letters horizontally, while the Inca wrote vertically.
The Maya had picture writing, while the Inca used knotted cords.
The Maya used a pictogram script, while the Inca used an alphabet.
Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.05 MC)In what way were the Maya different from the Aztec and Inca civilizations?
The Aztec and Inca had large, united empires, but the Maya did not.
The Aztec and Inca had vast trade networks, but the Maya did not.
The Aztec and Inca relied mainly on agriculture, but the Maya did not.
The Aztec and Inca were deeply religious, but the Maya were not.
Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.01 MC)What led to the downfall of the Mali Empire?
Mali wealth prompted the Songhai Empire to attack it.
Internal fighting over succession led to disorganization.
As the emperors prospered, they lost interest in governing.
The slave trade with North Africa caused internal unrest.
Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.03 LC)In which modern South American country was the Moche civilization located?
Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.02 MC)The people of the kingdoms of Buganda and Rwanda were primarily what?
Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.02 MC)What tradition did the Bantu people bring with them throughout their migrations?
hunting and gathering
Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 HC)Which of the following statements gives evidence to support the conclusion that the Olmecs were a "mother culture" of the Mayas?
The Olmecs were a war-like people.
The Olmecs did not participate in human sacrifice.
The Olmecs built cities to align with the constellations.
The Olmecs were known for the construction of large stone heads.
Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.01 MC)The following excerpt comes from a description of the kingdom of Ghana, written by an 11th-century Arab from Spain, Al-Bakri:
On every donkey-load of salt when it is brought into the country their king levies one golden dinar and two dinars when it is sent out. … The best gold is found in his land comes from the town of Ghiyaru, which is eighteen days' traveling distance from the king's town over a country inhabited by tribes of the Sudan…
Source: Public Domain
What inference about ancient Ghana does the excerpt support?
The king of Ghana controlled distant gold mines.
Crossing Ghana could require more than two weeks.
Ghanaians transported salt by foot.
Ghanaians worked with Sudanese tribes to get gold.
Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 LC)What was the significance of a 52 year cycle in both the Aztec and the Mayan calendars?
That was the average lifespan of a Mayan or Aztec individual.
The ritual and agricultural cycles finished together every 52 years.
Mesoamericans used a base-13 instead of base-10 number system.
A Mesoamerican myth said that the sun was reborn every 52 years.
Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 LC)The timeline below shows several crucial dates in Zapotec history:
© 2012 FLVS
What preceded the peace treaty between the Zapotecs and Aztecs?
many years of war between the two sides
conquest by the Spanish
the beginning of Christianity in the region
the death of the Zapotec king
Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.05 HC)What did Pacal the Great, Moctezuma I, and Huayana Capac all have in common?
They emphasized urban development.
They relied on divination as a decision making tool.
They inherited the throne through matrilineal succession.
They encouraged the peaceful conquests of territories.
Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.03 MC)Use the map to answer the following question:
© 2012 The Exploration Company
Which of the following civilizations also would appear in the green-shaded portion of the map, as a predecessor?
Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.03 MC)The map below shows the expansion of the Aztec Empire under a series of rulers from 1427 CE to 1519 CE. Use the map to answer the following question:
What does the map demonstrate about the power of the Aztecs in the late 15th century?
The Aztecs suffered several military defeats at that time.
The Aztecs expanded their use of large-scale irrigation.
The Aztecs were focused on holding back the Spanish.
The Aztecs were in a period of rapid expansion.
Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.05 MC)Under the reign of Moctezuma I, historical texts referring to the Mexica or the people of conquered regions were destroyed and replaced with official Aztec histories. Why might the Aztecs have pursued this policy?
The Aztecs believed only Aztec priests had the ability to write accurate histories.
Rewriting history helped unify the empire by inventing a common origin.
Aztec scholars believed that the texts were full of factual inaccuracies.
It was an effort to make the Aztec language more important.
Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.05 MC)The following two quotes are accounts of indigenous leaders in the Americas. The first is about the Aztec emperor. The second is about the Incan ruler. Use these excerpts to answer the question that follows:
There were many…grandees around the monarch, some of whom held the canopy over his head, while others again occupied the road before him, and spread cotton cloths on the ground that his feet might not touch the bare earth. No one of his suite ever looked at him full in the face; everyone in his presence stood with eyes downcast.
The court was filled with Indian nobles, dressed in gaily ornamented attire, in attendance on the monarch…. His dress was simpler than that of his attendants. But he wore on his head the crimson borla or fringe, which, surrounding the forehead, hung down as low as the eyebrow. This was the well-known badge of Peruvian sovereignty [royalty].
Source: Public Domain
Based on the two passages, how did the Inca emperor and the Aztec emperor compare?
The Aztec emperor was more powerful.
The Inca emperor was more ordinary.
The Aztec emperor was more respected.
The Inca emperor was more generous.
Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)The image below shows the sign for one particular day in the Aztec calendar. Use the image to answer the following question:
What inference about the Mesoamerican view of time can be made on the basis of the sign?
For Mesoamericans, time was a frightening creation connected to death.
Each Mesoamerican day was represented by a number, not a month.
For Mesoamericans, each day in the calendar had a distinct identity.
Each day in the Mesoamerican system was named after a creature.
Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)The timeline below shows events in both Mesoamerica and South America during the century before the Spanish arrival in the Americas. Use the timeline below to answer the following question:
© 2012 FLVS
Which conclusion is supported by the evidence in the timeline?
The worship of the Aztec war god Huitzilopochtli began as a product of the collapse of the Chimu.
The Inca emperor Pachacuti failed to continue the expansion begun by his predecessor.
The collapse of Chimu culture made way for the expansion of Incan influence.
War between the Aztec city-states became more frequent as army sizes grew.
Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)Which of the following describes the role of priests in Aztec culture?
They provided spiritual guidance to the people of the empire.
They carried out blood-letting and human sacrifice ceremonies.
They were thought of as gods themselves.
They had very little significance in religious activities.
Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)Which of the following did Mayan farmers not do prior to the arrival of the Spanish?
Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.04 MC)Which of the following is true of the people of Tenochtitlan?
They were mostly the social elite.
They were mostly farmers.
They were mostly craftsmen and merchants.
They were mostly indentured servants.
Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.01 MC)The following chart shows effects of Emperor Mansa Musa's high-profile pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324-1325:
Effects of Mansa Musa's Pilgrimage
He spent so much gold in Cairo that the metal's value decreased there.
He brought back architects to build mosques in Timbuktu.
He established Islamic schools when he returned to his homeland.
Which correctly completes the chart?
He expanded Mali's trade network to include Arab and European empires.
He brought his empire of Mali to the attention of the Muslim world.
He was inspired to separate religion and government in Mali.
He had conflicts with sultans and Berber chiefs along his route.
Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.03 MC)The picture below shows pages from a Mayan codex, or book. Use the picture to answer the following question:
What could a historian infer about the Maya from the codex pages?
Mayan gods were terrifying rather than comforting.
Maya writing was in the form of images.
The Maya wrote about and painted a life after death.
Mayas were limited in their access to paper products.
Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.03 MC)Use the photo below of an ancient Aztec calendar to answer the following question:
What does this Aztec calendar indicate about Aztec culture?
The Aztecs were careful stone masons and tradesmen.
The Aztecs understood the role of religion in society.
The Aztecs were very interested in measuring time.
The Aztecs were influenced by distant traders.
Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.02 MC)Which of the following is true of the people of Great Zimbabwe?
They became wealthy through trade with the Moroccans and Portuguese.
They did not rely on farming.
They were skilled craftsman and builders.
They take advantage of their kingdom's natural resources
Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.02 MC)Which of the following is true of the economy of Great Zimbabwe?
It became a center of salt trade in the 14th century.
It became a center of gold trade in the 14th century.
It mainly depended on agriculture.
Its economic activities were of little interest to the Portuguese.
Question 30 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)
(03.02 MC)How did trade with Arabs affect the development of African kingdoms?
It contributed to the creation of an agricultural class.
It led to the decline of city-states.
It led to the rise of tribal communities.
It contributed to the creation of an elite, ruling class.
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