Question and answer
Describe the “big splash” theory of the Moon’s origin
The giant impact hypothesis (Big Splash) states that the Moon was formed out of the debris left over from a collision between the Earth and a body the size of Mars, approximately 4.5 Gya (four and a half billion years) ago. [ The colliding body is sometimes called Theia, for the mythical Greek Titan who was the mother of Selene, the goddess of the Moon.[1][2] The giant impact hypothesis is the
currently-favoured scientific hypothesis for the formation of the Moon.[3] Supporting evidence includes: the Earth's spin and Moon's orbit having similar orientations,[4] Moon samples indicating the surface of the Moon was once molten, the Moon's relatively small iron core, lower density compared to the Earth, evidence of similar collisions in other star systems (that result in debris disks), and that giant collisions are consistent with the leading theories of the formation of the solar system. Finally, the stable isotope ratios of lunar and terrestrial rock are identical, implying a common origin.[5] There remain several questions concerning the best current models of the giant impact hypothesis, however. The energy of such a giant impact is predicted to heat Earth to produce a global 'ocean' of magma; yet there is no evidence of the resultant planetary differentiation of the heavier material sinking into Earth's mantle. At present, there is no self-consistent model that starts with the giant impact event and follows the evolution of the debris into a single moon. Other remaining questions include when the Moon lost its share of volatile elements and why Venus, which also experienced giant impacts during its formation, does not host a similar moon. Answer found on: ]
Expert answered|hellphoenix|Points 69|
Question|Rated good
Asked 7/16/2013 12:13:34 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
Questions asked by the same visitor
What elements make up the Earth’s mantle User: What is Earth’s mantle
Weegy: The Earth's mantle is a roughly 1,800 mile (2,900 km) thick shell of compressed and heated rock, beginning below the Earth's crust (lithosphere), [ which extends 3.1 miles (5 km) below the ocean floor and 19 to 31 miles (30 to 50 km) below the continents. Read more ] (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/16/2013 12:10:18 PM
0 Answers/Comments
17,972,546 questions answered
Popular Conversations
Weegy Stuff
S
L
1
1
1
1
L
1
L
Points 2722 [Total 15097]| Ratings 0| Comments 2722| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
L
P
C
1
P
C
1
L
Points 1649 [Total 11130]| Ratings 4| Comments 1609| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
1
L
P
P
L
Points 899 [Total 13128]| Ratings 0| Comments 899| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 615 [Total 2014]| Ratings 0| Comments 615| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 527 [Total 6321]| Ratings 3| Comments 497| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 482 [Total 482]| Ratings 0| Comments 452| Invitations 3|Offline
S
Points 454 [Total 455]| Ratings 6| Comments 394| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 277 [Total 277]| Ratings 1| Comments 267| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 48 [Total 1265]| Ratings 1| Comments 38| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
Points 48 [Total 6282]| Ratings 0| Comments 48| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.