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Q: 1. In what ways is the Holy Land an important site for all three monotheistic faiths?
A: Members of all three religions as well as several others (including the Druze) have lived primarily harmoniously in this land for generations. For centuries, the majority of the indigenous people of historic Palestine were Muslim. [ Christians, Jews, and others, who together made up around ten percent of the population, were accorded treatment superior to that accorded religious minorities (e.g.
Jews and Muslims) in Europe at the time. With the rise of a political ideology, Zionism, calling for the creation of a Jewish state, among some European Jews in the late 19th Century and early 20th Century, and the coinciding increasing persecution of Jews in Europe, European Jews began to immigrate in large numbers to Palestine. The first wave of Jewish immigrants (the first Aliyah) was not made up of Zionists, but rather consisted of Jews fleeing European persecution. Later immigrants went with the specific plan of creating a Jewish homeland in this largely Muslim land. Thus, in 1881, Muslims made up about 86.6% of the population, Christians were about 9.1% of the population, and 2.8-4.3% of the population were indigenous, non-Zionist Jews [see Righteous Victims by Israeli historian Benny Morris]. By 1947, The huge number of Jewish immigrants to Palestine brought the percentage of Jewish inhabitants of the Holy Land to almost 33%, while Muslims now only made up 58% of the population and Christians only 7.9%. [see ] Still, in 1948, the Jewish population only owned approximately 5.6% of the land. In 1947, the United Nations partitioned Palestine into two states, giving the Jewish population 55% of the land. Fighting broke out, and by 1949, 804,767 Palestinian Muslims and Christians had been expelled or had fled from their homes [see Abu Sitta, Salman, The Palestinian Nakba: 1948, The Register of Depopulated Localities in Palestine]. Israel had taken over an additional 23% of Palestine, leaving the indigenous Arabs with only 22% of their historic homeland. ]
selymi|Points 10016|
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Asked 2/1/2013 11:30:56 AM
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