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transport problem in india and plan for solving them
Transport in the Republic of India is an important part of the nation's economy. [ Since the economic liberalisation of the 1990s, development of infrastructure within the country has progressed at a rapid pace, and today there is a wide variety of modes of transport by land, water and air. However, India's relatively low GDP per capita has meant that access to these modes of transport has not
been uniform. Motor vehicle penetration is low by international standards, with only 13 million cars on the nation's roads.[1] In addition, only around 10% of Indian households own a motorcycle.[2] At the same time, the automobile industry in India is rapidly growing with an annual production of over 2.6 million vehicles,[3] and vehicle volume is expected to rise greatly in the future.[4] In the interim however, public transport still remains the primary mode of transport for most of the population, and India's public transport systems are among the most heavily used in the world.[5] India's rail network is the 4th longest and the most heavily used system in the world, transporting over 6 billion passengers and over 350 million tons of freight annually.[5][6] Despite ongoing improvements in the sector, several aspects of the transport sector are still riddled with problems due to outdated infrastructure and lack of investment in less economically active parts of the country. The demand for transport infrastructure and services has been rising by around 10% a year[5] with the current infrastructure being unable to meet these growing demands. ]
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transport problem in India and plan for solving them
Weegy: The government plans to launch “common mobility cards” next year, enabling passengers to travel with one smart card across different modes of transport and different cities, [ minister of state for urban development Saugata Roy said at the third annual Urban Mobility India conference in Delhi over the weekend. “At present India has the second largest urban system in the world,” said Roy, “and by 2035 we will have double the urban population we have today. We must plan for the future.” If policy makers fail to act cohesively the result could be the creation of vast urban slums, warned Amitabh Kant, who heads the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation. “India is a very late starter in this process of urbanisation,” he said, “but that to my mind is a big advantage because technology today allows you to cut across and integrate sectors to create smart cities.” In the process, Indian cities may be able to leapfrog some of the problems encountered in cities with an older transport infrastructure. Cutting edge innovations like the common mobility card and fuel-efficient or hybrid buses can be installed from scratch. India’s software and tech industries can be harnessed to invent intelligent modes of transport. But inefficient or inflexible delivery systems are likely to be a hurdle, said Peter Hendy, the commissioner of Transport for London, who has overseen the introduction of London’s own smart travel card, the “Oyster”, and managed a 7% shift from car usership to public transport. Comparing London to Delhi, Hendy said that India’s challenge was formidable. “Delhi will grow more in the next three years than London will in the next 20,” he said. “With this speed of growth you need a very proactive and comprehensive agency in charge.” ] (More)
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