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User: Pierre Subeh In Course: World History V12 ( 3784) Instructor: Brenda Peterson 06.03 19th Century Changes - Political and Economic Ideologies Warning: There is a checkbox at the bottom of
the exam form that you MUST check prior to submitting this exam. Failure to do so may cause your work to be lost. Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Against what backdrop did the rise of ideologies of capitalism, socialism and communism clash? the Reformation the Industrial Revolution the Age of Exploration the Enlightenment Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) In the following statement, Adam Smith comments on the individual who uses domestic industry and labor. Use Smith's statement to answer the question below: "...he intends only his own security... he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention... By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it." Source: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations How does Smith's view of the economy expressed in this excerpt compare to Owen's? Both believe individuals acting in their self-interest will lead to economic equality. Both believe individuals acting in their self-interest will lead to economic inequality. Smith believes individuals acting in their self-interest will lead to the maximum social benefit, while Owens does not. Owens believes individuals acting in their self-interest will lead to the maximum social benefit, while Smith does not. Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Use the following excerpt from Robert Owen to answer the question below: "Train any population rationally, and they will be rational. Furnish honest and useful employments to those so trained, and such employments they will greatly prefer to dishonest or injurious occupations. It is beyond all calculation the interest of every government to provide that training and that employment; and to provide both is easily practicable." Source: A New View of Society - Essays 1813-1816, Robert Owen In what way might Adam Smith have disagreed with this statement? Smith believed that education was only for the poor. Smith believed that workers could not be trained to work. Smith believed that the government's role was very limited. Smith believed that the government should directly employ people. Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Which of the following systems advocates that the suffering of the worker should be made lighter through intervention by the government? Capitalism Socialism Communism Laissez-faire Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Use the following statement by Robert Owen to answer the question below: "...but I know that society may be formed so as to exist without crime, without poverty, with health greatly improved, with little if any misery, and with intelligence and happiness increased a hundredfold: and no obstacle whatsoever intervenes [interferes] at this moment except ignorance to prevent such a state of society from becoming universal." Source: Robert Owen, Rules and Regulations for the Inhabitants of New Lanark. What is one reason why Marx would disagree with this statement? Marx did not think society could live peacefully. Marx did not think society could live without crime. This statement advocates the use of education. This statement ignores the process of revolution. Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Use the following quote from Adam Smith to answer the question below: "It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest." Source: Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Which of the following systems believes that the role of the government is only to promote competition and provide public goods? Capitalism Socialism Communism Laissez-faire Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Use the following excerpt from Letter to Vera Zasulich (1881) to answer the question below. "To save the Russian commune, a Russian revolution is needed." Source: English translation of Letter to Vera Zasulich by Karl Marx, Creative Commons License Who is most likely to have made this statement? Robert Owen Adam Smith Charles Fourier Karl Marx Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points) Which of the following is a true statement? Socialists like Adam Smith believed the competition typical of capitalism was wasteful. Capitalists like Thomas Malthus believed poverty could be entirely eliminated from society. Socialists like Robert Owen favored a more even distribution of income. Marxists like David Ricardo argued that wages vary inversely with profits.
Against what backdrop did the rise of ideologies of capitalism, socialism and communism clash? answer is the Industrial Revolution please post one question at a time
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Which of the following statements is true for each of the participating European Union countries? They each have their own hereditary monarchy. They each have their own national currency. Each has its own democratic government. Each practices Roman Catholicism.
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Each of the participating European Union countries has its own democratic government. This requirement is explicitly stated in the "Copenhagen criteria" for membership of the EU.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Member_state_of_the_European_Union
Added 3/25/2013 7:21:45 AM
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