discuss farm mechanization prospest problems,advantages,disadvantages and solution of the term mechanization
Mechanization of farms means the use of machines for conducting agriculturaloperations, [ replacing the traditional methods which involve human and animal labor.Advantages are :INCREASE IN VOLUME OF PRODUCTION: Farm mechanization has helpedin increasing the volume of agricultural production.
ENCOURAGES MULTIPLE CROPPING: Farm Mechanization encouragesmultiple cropping which was not possible
under traditional farming.
REDUCES DEPENDENCE UPON ANIMAL POWER: Farm mechanizationreduces dependence upon animal power which is costly and also slow inoperation.
DIVERSION OF LAND FROM GROWING FODDER: Farm mechanizationmakes it possible to divert the land used for growing fodder for animal power.The same land can be brought under cultivation for growing food and non-foodcrops.
GREATER AREA UNDER CULTIVATION: Farm mechanization saves labor,makes the job for leveling and preparation of land easy and helps in bringingmore land under cultivation.
INCREASE IN LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY: Farm mechanization increasesefficiency of farmers and raises the output per worker.
TIMELY WATER SUPPLY, SPRAY ETC: The timely availability of water supplyfrom tube wells, the use of new package of modern inputs has been made possibleonly with the help of mechanization. The use of modern inputs increased the yieldof crops.
REDUCTION OF COST: Due to efficient use of resources, through themechanized farming the cost of production of various crops goes down.
INCREASE IN INCOME: Mechanization helps in increasing income of farmers by minimizing pre and post harvest losses. ]
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