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Q: .Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders,
substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders
A: Cognitive disorders are a category of mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, and include amnesia, dementia, and delirium. [ While anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and psychotic disorders can also have an effect on cognitive and memory functions, the DSM-IV-TR does not consider these cognitive disorders, because loss of cognitive
function is not the primary (causal) symptom.[1] Causes vary between the different types of disorders but most include damage to the memory portions of the brain.Treatments depend on how the disorder is caused. Medication and therapies are the most common treatments; however, for some types of disorders such as certain types of amnesia, treatments can suppress the symptoms but there is currently no cure. ]
pokat12|Points 70|
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Asked 2/12/2013 11:52:33 AM
Updated 10/15/2013 5:06:03 AM
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Mood disorder is a group of diagnoses in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV TR) classification system where a disturbance in the person's mood is hypothesized to be the main underlying feature.[1] The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10.

Personality disorders are a class of social disorders characterised by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating markedly from those accepted by the individual's culture. These patterns develop early, are inflexible and are associated with significant distress or disability.

Anxiety disorder is an umbrella term that covers several different forms of a type of common psychiatric disorder, characterized by excessive rumination, worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future uncertainties either based on real or imagined events, which may affect both physical and psychological health.



Psychotic disorder NOS – Not Otherwise Specified- is a mental illness which does not fall under any specific mental illness (because it lacks specific illness' traits) and does not have a specific way of diagnosis. Its diagnosis is based on personal experiences reports or what other people- around the patient- report as the behaviour of the ill person. Psychosis is a mental illness which cause people to change personality, behaviour and have mental malfunctions- especially loss of sense of reality-. Psychotic disorders, hence, are those that affect cognitive functions; altering personality and behaviour.

A substance-related disorder is a condition (such as intoxication, harmful use/abuse, dependence, withdrawal, and psychoses or amnesia associated with the use of the substance) associated with substance abuse, often involving maladaptive behaviors over a long period of time.[2] In order to be diagnosed with substance dependence an individual must display at least three of the following for a 12-month period: "development of tolerance to the substance, withdrawal symptoms, persistent desire/unsuccessful attempts to stop using the substance, ingestion of larger amounts of substance, declined life functioning, and persistent use of substance.

Eating disorders are conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual's physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common specific forms in the United Kingdom.[1] Other types of eating disorders include binge eating disorder and eating disorder not otherwise specified.

Cognitive disorders are a category of mental health disorders that primarily affect learning, memory, perception, and problem solving, and include amnesia, dementia, and delirium.
Added 10/15/2013 5:06:03 AM
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