Give a brief explanation of one of the humanistic theories including the theorist and key concepts.Weegy:
People develop through conditioned with stimuli, rewards, [ [ and punishments; Learning focuses on behavior due to the environment; Focuses on the experimental method and observational; Dreams are not empirical; Only focuses on reason for simple behavior and some predictive value of behavior. Key Concepts/Ideas
Animals can be conditioned to be in anyway
Operant conditioning, and classical conditioning.
Social learning theory introduced insight, latent learning, and models
Insight: When, after encountering a problem for some time, new ideas arise in order to solve it
Latent Learning: Concepts may be learned but not used until reinforcer is added.
Models: Subjects learn from watching other people and copying the ways they behave.
Key Theorists and Their Contributions
Ivan Pavlov was the first experimenter to research classical conditioning. In what started as a simple, physiological experiment with a dog, turned out to be the discovery of what came to be known as conditioning, more specifically, classical conditioning.
-He was performing some experiments on a dog, and found that he could ?condition? the dog to salivate on the sound of a bell. After repeatedly ringing the bell, and introducing food. Eventually, the bell alone was sufficient to make the poor pup drip.
James Watson was the pioneer psychology theorist that translated the ideas of Pavlov?s classical conditioning to humans.
-His famous work is little Albert. He conditioned poor little Albert to reject white fluffy things by continually including LOUD NOISES upon the introduction of the white fluffy thing. Soon enough, the fluffy white thing alone would make little Albert upset. This research introduced the idea of stimulus generalization. Not only the white bunny (for example) would scare the poor baby. White fluffy pillows, etc could also raise fear from Al. Watson was confident that if you gave him a child, he could make him into anything (criminal, business man, etc.)
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3. Give a brief explanation of one of the learning theories including the theorist and key concepts.
? Social cognitive approach- emphasize on thoughts, feelings, expectations, and values
Task-conscious or acquisition learning. Acquisition learning is seen as going on all the time. It is 'concrete, immediate and confined to a specific activity; it is not concerned with general principles' (Rogers 2003: 18). [ Examples include much of the learning involved in parenting or with running a home. Some have referred to this kind of learning as unconscious or implicit. Rogers (2003: 21), however, suggests that it might be better to speak of it as having a consciousness of the task. In other words, whilst the learner may not be conscious of learning, they are usually aware of the specific task in hand.
Learning-conscious or formalized learning. Formalized learning arises from the process of facilitating learning. It is 'educative learning' rather than the accumulation of experience. To this extent there is a consciousness of learning - people are aware that the task they are engaged in entails learning. 'Learning itself is the task. What formalized learning does is to make learning more conscious in order to enhance it' (Rogers 2003: 27). It involves guided episodes of learning.
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